Courses for ECE Undergraduate and Graduate Students
LowerDivision Undergraduate Courses
 ENG 6 – Engineering Problem Solving
 Units: 4 (3 Lecture/1 Lab)
Prerequisites: MAT 16A or MAT 21A (C or better), MAT 16B or MAT 21B (C or better) may be taken concurrently
Catalog Description: Methodology for solving engineering problems. Engineering computing and visualization based on MATLAB. Engineering examples and applications. GE Credit: QL, SEExpanded Course Description:
I. Engineering Computational Problem Solving
II. Matlab Technical Computing Environment
A. Interactive workspace
B. Scalar mathematics
C. Accuracy and computational limitations
III. Files and File Management
A. Definitions and commands
B. Saving and restoring information
C. Designing, editing, and executing scripts
IV. Scalar Mathematics
A. Trigonometry
B. Complex numbers
C. Twodimensional graphics
V. Arrays and Array Operations
A. Vector and matrix arrays
B. Array operations
C. Array plotting
VI. Mathematical Functions
A. Signal representation, processing, and plotting
B. Polynomial functions
C. Functions of two variables
D. Userdefined functions
VII. Data Analysis
A. Maximum and minimum
B. Sums and products
C. Statistical analysis and random number generation
VIII. Selection Programming
A. Relational and logical operators
B. Flow control
C. Loops
D. Selection statements and functions
IX. Vectors, Matrices, and Linear Algebra
A. Vectors and matrices
B. Solutions to systems of linear equations
X. Curve Fitting and Interpolation
A. Least squares curve fitting
B. Onedimensional and twodimensional interpolation
XI. Integration and Differentiation
XII. Symbolic Mathematics
A. Symbolic objects, variables and expressions
B. Operations on symbolic expressions
C. Differentiation and integration  ENG 17 – Circuits 1
 Units: 4 (3 Lecture/1 Lab)
Prerequisites: MAT21C
Catalog Description: Basic electric circuit analysis techniques, including electrical quantities and elements, resistive circuits, transient and steadystate responses of RLC circuits, sinusoidal excitation and phasors, and complex frequency and network functions. GE Credit: VL, SEExpanded Course Description: I. Foundations of Electric Circuits and Circuit Elements
A. Concepts of charge, current, voltage, power, and energy
B. Reference directions and circuit connections
C. Active and passive circuit elements
D. Resistors and Ohm’s Law
E. Independent sources
F. Dependent sources
G. The Ideal Operational Amplifier
H. Kirchoff’s voltage law
I. Kirchoff’s current law
II. Resistive Circuit Analysis
A. Series and parallel circuits
B. Nodevoltage analysis
C. Meshcurrent analysis
III. Circuit Theorems
A. Source transformation
B. Superposition
C. Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits
D. Maximum Power transfer
IV. Energy Storage Elements
A. Capacitors and energy stored in a capacitor
B. Inductors and energy stored in an inductor
C. Seriesparallel connections of inductors and capacitors
V. Response of RC and RL Circuits
A. First order circuits
B. Step response of first order circuits to a nonconstant source
C. Transient versus steadystate analysis
VI. Response of Circuits with Two Energy Storage Elements
A. Second order circuits
B. Natural response and types of second order natural response
C. Forced response
D. Complete response
VII. Sinusoidal SteadyState Circuit Analysis
A. Sinusoidal inputs and sinusoidal steadystate responses
B. Phasors and complex numbers
C. Impedeance and admittance
D. Kirchoff’s laws
E. Nodevoltage and meshcurrent analysis methods using phasors
F. Superposition
G. Source transformations
H. Thevenin and Norton equivalent circuits
I. Complete response with sinusoidal sources
J. The ideal transformer
VIII. AC SteadyState Power
A. Instantaneous power
B. Average power
C. Maximum power transfer
D. Power factor  EEC 1 – Introduction To Electrical And Computer Engineering

Units: 1 (1 Lecture)
Prerequisites: None
Catalog Description: Electrical and Computer Engineering as a professional activity. What Electrical and Computer Engineers know and how they use their knowledge. Problems they are concerned with and how they go about solving them. A presentation of basic ideas and their applications. Examination of some case studies. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction to Programs, Advising, ABET, IEEE
A. Description of programs
B. Advising procedures: registration holds, peer advisor, staff advisor, academic advisor, campus resources, 2year catalog policy
C. What is ABET?
D. What is the IEEE?
II. Ethics
A. Introduction to engineering ethics
B. Code of academic conduct and SJA
III. Advice
A. Setting goals
B. Effective time management and study habits
C. Importance of communication skills
IV. What is Engineering?
A. Solving problems: approximation, modeling, levels of abstraction
B. Analysis and design
V. Survey of ECE
A. Physical Electronics
B. Electromagnetics
C. Analog and Digital Circuits
D. Communications, Controls, and Signal Processing
E. Computer Systems and Software
F. Logic Design
G. Electrical Engineering/Materials Science and Engineering  EEC 7 – Introduction to Programming and Microcontrollers

Units: 4 (3 Lecture/2 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: Enrollment Restrictions  Pass One restricted to Electrical Engineering majors only.
Catalog Description: Programming computers using C/C++ languages. Software engineering and objectoriented design. Programming for hardware devices. Only two units of credit for students who have previously taken ECS 036A or ECS 032A. Credit Limitation Only two units of credit for students who have previously taken ECS 036A or ECS 032A.
Expanded Course Description: The Programming Environment C++ Programming Data Types Expressions and statements Control Flow Functions Pointers and Dynamic Memory Classes Recursion Software Engineering Large Program Management and Design Use of Libraries Debugging Techniques Programming for Hardware Differences between C/C++ Microcontrollers/embedded systems General Purpose Input/Output Interrupts Counters and Timers Lookup tables Introduction to ADC and DACs Computer Usage: The class will require extensive use of computers in laboratory assignments. Engineering Design Statement: Students participate in homework/lab projects which include openended design to meet specifications. Since there is no unique solution, some solutions are better than others, and students are required to iteratively improve their solutions.  EEC 10 – Introduction to Digital and Analog Systems
 Units: 4 (2 Lecture/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: ECS 30, PHY 9C or PHY 9HD (may be taken concurrently); consent of instructor required  the course will be offered to predetermined number of students selected by instructor from an applicant pool at the end of pass one registration; selection will be based on cumulative GPA and academic performance in prerequisites completed.
Catalog Description: An interactive and practical introduction to fundamental concepts of electrical and computer engineering by implementing electronic systems, which can be digitally controlled and interrogated, with a programmable microcontroller with the ability to program the electrical connections between analog and digital components.Expanded Course Description:
I. Fundamentals of Microcontrollers
A. CPU
B. Digital Memories
C. General Purpose Input Output
D. Peripherals (Switches and Light Emitting Diodes)
II. Digital Interfaces and Displays
A. Digital Communications
B. Digital Interface Standards (RS232,USB,I2C,SPI,GPIB)
C. Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter
D. Liquid Crystal Displays
III. Human Interfaces
A. Digital and Analog Signal Processing
IV. Digital Logic
A. Logic Gates
B. FlipFlops
C. Counters
D. Lookup Tables
E. State Machines
V. Analog Processing
A. Digital to Analog Convertors
B. Analog to Digital Convertors
C. Multiplexers
VI. Interfacing Analog Sensors
A. Analog Input Conditioning
B. Operational Amplifiers
C. Programmable Gain Amplifier
D. Sampling
VII. Interfacing Digital Sensors
A. Digital Input Processing
VIII. Waveform Generation
A. Fourier Analysis
B. Frequency and Time Domain Measurements
C. Pulse Width Modulation  EEC 18 – Introduction to Digital System Design (Formerly 180A)
 Units: 5 (3 Lecture/6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: ENG 17
Catalog Description: Introduction to digital system design including combinational logic design, sequential circuits, computer arithmetic and digital system design; computeraided design (CAD) methodologies and tools.Expanded Course Description:
I. Combinational Logic Design
A. Boolean algebra, Truth Tables and Maps
B. Logic design, optimization and analysis at the gatelevel
C. Design with components, e.g., MUX/DEMUX, Decoders/Encoders and/or discrete parts
D. Programmable Logic Arrays
II. Sequential Circuit Design
A. Design of FlipFlops (JK, SR, D, T; Latches, MasterSlave, EdgeTriggered)
B. State Diagrams and State Tables (Present State/Next State Behavior)
III. Computer Arithmetic
A. Number Systems
B. Addition/Subtraction, Multiplication and Division Systems
IV. Digital System Case Studies
A. State Machines and Control Sequence
B. Data Paths  EEC 90C – Research Group Conferences In Electrical And Computer Engineering
 Units: 1 (1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: Lower division standing; consent of instructor.
Catalog Description: Research group conferences. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A.  EEC 90X – Lower Division Seminars In Electrical And Computer Engineering
 Units: 1  4 (1  4 Seminar)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Catalog Description: Examination of a special topic in a small group setting.
Expanded Course Description: N/A.  EEC 92 – Internship In Electrical And Computer Engineering
 Units: 1  4 (1  4 Seminar)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Catalog Description: Examination of a special topic in a small group setting.
Expanded Course Description: N/A.  EEC 98 – Directed Group Study
 Units: Variable
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Catalog Description: Directed group study.
Expanded Course Description: N/A.  EEC 99  Special Study For Lower Division Students
 Units: Variable
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.
Catalog Description: Special study for lower division students.
Expanded Course Description: N/A.
UpperDivision Undergraduate Courses
 ENG 100  Electronic Circuits and Systems
 Units: 3 (3 Lecture/1 Discussion/1 Lab)
Prerequisites: ENG 17 (C or better)
Catalog Description: Introduction to analog and digital circuit and system design through handson laboratory design projects. GE Credit: SE, VL
Expanded Course Description:
I. Operational Amplifiers
A. Ideal operational amplifier
B. Analysis of circuits containing ideal operational amplifiers
C. Design using operational amplifiers
D. Characteristics of practical operational amplifiers
II. Frequency Response
A. Gain, phase shift and the network function
B. Bode plots
C. Resonant circuits
D. Frequency response of operational amplifier circuits
III. Laplace Transform
A. Definition and properties
B. Inverse transform – partial fraction expansion
C. Transfer function and impedance
D. Circuit analysis using impedance and initial conditions
IV. Digital Logic
A. Binary numbers and arithmetic
B. Digital logic circuits
C. Boolean algebra
D. Simplification of Boolean functions
V. Logic Design
A. Combinational logic
B. MSI and LSI design
C. Sequential logic
VI. Digital Devices
A. Counters
B. Registers
C. Memory  EEC 100  Circuits II
 Units: 5 (3 Lecture/1 Discussion/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: ENG 017 C or better; MAT 022B. Restricted to the following majors: Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Computer Science/Engineering, Electrical Engineering/Materials Science, Optical Science Engineering, Biomedical Engineering, Electrical Engineering Graduate Students.
Catalog Description: Theory, application and design of analog circuits. Methods of analysis including frequency response, SPICE simulation, and Laplace transform. Operational amplifiers and design of active filters. GE Credit: QL, SL, VLExpanded Course Description:
I. Sinusoidal SteadyState Analysis
A. Response to sinusoidal source
B. Phasors
C. Impedance as a phasor representation of circuit elements
D. Techniques of circuit analysis using phasor representations
II. The Operational Amplifier
A. Introduction to the operational amplifier
B. The ideal operational amplifier
C. Inverting, noninverting, summing, and difference amplifiers
D. Nonideal models of operational amplifiers
III. Passive and Active Filters
A. The frequency response
B. Passive lowpass, highpass, bandpass, and bandreject filters
C. Active lowpass, highpass, bandpass, and bandreject filters
D. The Butterworth filter
E. Bode diagrams
IV. The Laplace Transform
A. Definition of the Laplace transform
B. Laplace transform of the step and the implulse functions
C. Properties of the Laplace transform
D. Inverse transforms and partial fraction expansion
E. Techniques of circuit analysis using the Laplace transform
F. The transfer function
G. The impulse response and the convolution integral
V. The Fourier Series
A. Introduction to Fourier series of periodic signals
B. The trigonometric Fourier series
C. The complex Fourier series
D. Fourier series in circuit analysis
VI. TwoPort Circuits
A. Twoport parameters
B. Analysis of twoport circuits
C. Interconnected twoport circuits  EEC 105A – EEEmerge 1

Units: 1 (1 Workshop)
Prerequisites: Pass One restricted to Electrical & Computer Engineering Junior and Sophomorelevel students.
Catalog Description: Work in groups to conceive, design and prototype electronic exhibits to promote engineering to the public.
Expanded Course Description: 105A is the first course in the 105A, B and C sequence. In 105A, offered in the Fall, the focus is on communication of ideas (written and oral) and technical dynamics. After a study of effective technical exhibits to the public, each participant proposes an idea for an exhibit. After review of proposals by class, project ideas are selected and working teams (minimum three participants) are formed. Each team refines the scope of the exhibit, and explore some critical elements given technical and resource constraints. A decision of projects moving forward is made by the end of the quarter. In 105B the projects will be implemented and in 105C presentations are made to the public.  EEC 105B – EEEmerge 2

Units: 2 (2 Workshop)
Prerequisites: Pass One restricted to Electrical & Computer Engineering Junior and Sophomorelevel students.
Catalog Description: Work in groups to conceive, design and prototype electronic exhibits to promote engineering to the public.
Expanded Course Description: 105B is the second course in the 105A, B and C sequence. In 105A projects are conceived. In 105B, offered in the Winter the focus is on project management and technical implementation. Enrollment in the course expands to include additional students. In 105C presentations are made to the public.  EEC 105C – EEEmerge 3

Units: 1 (1 Workshop)
Prerequisites: 105B
Catalog Description: Work in groups to present electronic exhibits to the public.
Expanded Course Description: 105C is the third course in the 105A, B and C sequence. In 105A projects are conceived. In 105B the projects are implemented. In 105C, offered in the Spring Quarter, the focus is on communication to the public of the engineering principles underlying the exhibit. Presentations and demonstration are given at public events (e.g. Picnic Day, Undergraduate Research, Scholarship & Creative Activities Conference, Engineering Design Showcase, Bay Area Maker’s Fair). Enrollment in 105C is restricted to students who completed 105B.  EEC 110A – Electronic Circuits I

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 100 and (EEC 140A concurrently or EEC 111)
Catalog Description: Use and modeling of nonlinear solidstate electronic devices in basic analog and digital circuits. Introduction to the design of transistor amplifiers and logic gates. GE Credit: SE, VL
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction to electronic systems and design
A. Analog and digital systems
B. Classification of signals
C. Explain difference between analysis and design (e.g., the form of the result is important, it must be simple enough to relate performance to individual devices)
II. Electronic Devices Recap
A. PN juntions and diodes
B. Bipolar junction transistor operation
C. MOS transistor operation
III. Analog electronic systems and design
A. Introduction to smallsignal linearity and modeling
B. Analysis methodology – separate largesignal DC bias analysis and smallsignal AC signal analysis
C. Amplifier models (unilateral two ports), DC and AC coupled response
D. DC analysis of singlestage transistor amplifiters: commonemitter, commonemitter with degeneration, emitter follower and common base
E. Smallsignal midband analysis of singlestage transistor amplifiers
F. Frequency response of single transistor amplifiers (Miller’s theorem and approximation, open circuit time constants). Emphasis on common emitter
G. Feedback: conceptual, theoretical and practical circuit level to feedback around multistage cascade amplifiers
H. Stability and Compensation
IV. Digital circuits
A. Introduction to logic: binary logic gates, truth tables, Boolean algebra
B. Static inverter specifications
C. Dynamic inverter specifications
D. CMOS logic  EEC 110B – Electronic Circuits II

Units: 4 (3 Lecture/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 110A
Catalog Description: Analysis and design of integrated circuits. Singlestage amplifiers, cascaded amplifier stages, differential amplifiers, current sources, frequency response, and returnratio analysis of feedback amplifiers. GE Credit: SE, VL
Expanded Course Description:
I. Singlestage amplifiers (common emitter, common emitter with degeneration, common collector
II. Differential Amplifiers
A. Largesignal analysis
B. Smallsignal analysis with half circuits
C. Offset
III. Current sources
IV. Output stages
V. Operational amplifiers
VI. Frequency response
A. Opencircuit time constants
B. Shortcircuit time constants
C. Miller effect
VII. Returnratio analysis of feedback amplifiers  EEC 111 – Digital Electronic Circuits

Units: 4 (3 Lecture/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 100
Catalog Description: MOS device fundamentals, introduction to the design of CMOS logic gates, layout, circuits, and modeling. Examination of voltage transfer characteristics, and propaganda delay. Only 3 units of credit for those who have completed EEC 140A; only 2 units for those who have completed EEC 110A. GE: SE.
Expanded Course Description:
I. MOS Device Fundamentals
A. Energy Bands/Semiconductors
B. PN junctions and Current Transport (Drift/Diffusion)
C. MOS capacitator
D. Inversion layers and the transistor channel
E. Device potentials and the threshold voltage
F. The MOS transistor: basic operational characteristics
G. The body effect: substrate bias
H. MOS vs. Bipolar junctions
II. VLSI Fabrication/wafer processing steps
A. Bulk MOS transistor fabrication
B. Interconnects
III. Basic digital circuits
A. SmallSignal and LargeSignal Models
B. Static inverter specifications (NMOS/CMOS)
C. CMOS logic
D. Transistor Sizing
IV. MOS Logic Gates
A. Switching Time Analysis of CMOS Logic
B. Regenerative Logic Circuits, Sequential Elements, and Clocking
C. Memory Circuits
D. Physical Design
E. Gate arrays/Standard cells/VLSI layout
F. Scaling  EEC 112 – Communication Electronics

Units: 4 (3 Lecture/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 110A, EEC 150
Catalog Description: Electronic circuits for analog and digital communications, including oscillators, mixers, tuned amplifiers, modulators, demodulators, and phaselocked loops. Circuits for amplitude modulation (AM) and frequency modulation (FM) are emphasized. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Impedance matching networks
II. Oscillators
III. Mixers
IV. Tuned Amplifiers
V. Amplitude and Frequency Modulators
VI. Amplitude and Frequency Demodulators
VII. Phaselocked Loops
VIII. Homodyne and Heterodyne Receivers  EEC 113 – Power Electronic Circuits
 Units: 4 (3 Lecture/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 110A or EEC 111 and EEC 157A
Catalog Description: Electronic circuits for power applications, including linear voltage regulators, switching DCDC converters, DCAC converters (inverters) and ACDC converters (rectifiers). The control loop and stability of circuits are also analyzed.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction to Power Electronics
A. Applications of Power Electronics
B. Types of Power Electronic Circuits
C. Power Semiconductor Devices
D. Characteristics and Specifications of Switches
II. Regular Circuits
A. Zener diodes and regulators
B. Series and Shunt Linear Regulators
i. Darlingtonpair regulators
C. LowDropout Regulators (LDOs)
D. Control loop and stability of LDOs
i. Effect of Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) of Output Capacitor
III. Switching DCDC Converters
A. DC Chopper
i. PulseWidth Modulation (PWM) Control
ii. Harmonics of switching frequency
B. The Buck converter
i. ContinuousCurrent Mode (CCM): voltage and current relationships in steadystate, inductor design, output voltage ripple and effect of ESR capacitors on it
ii. DiscontinuousCurrent Mode (DCM)
iii. Buck converter control: smallsignal transfer function, stability analysis using Bode plots
iv. Currentmode control
C. The Boost converter
i. ContinuousCurrent Mode (CCM): voltage and current relationships in steadystate, inductor design output voltage ripple and effect of ESR of capacitor on it
ii. DiscontinuousCurrent mode (DCM)
D. The BuckBoost converter
i. ContinuousCurrent Mode (CCM): voltage and current relationships in steadystate, inductor design, output voltage ripple and effect of ESR capacitors on it
IV. DCAC Converters (Inverters)
A. Fullbridge converter (the squarewave inverter)
B. Fourier series analysis: total harmonic distortion (THD)
C. Amplitude and harmonic control
D. Multilevel inverters
E. PWM Inverters
V. ACDC Converters (Rectifiers)
A. Fullwave rectifier
B. Centertapped transformer rectifier
C. Capacitance output filter
D. Fullwave rectifier with an LC filtered output
E. Fullwave rectifier with RL load
F. Controlled fullwave rectifiers
G. Power factor correction
Laboratory Experiments: This lab series aims to give students a practical handson introduction to various power electronics topologies and illustrate how theoretical analysis and conceptual modeling directly impacts circuit performance when implemented. As such, most labs include a design problem and theoretical commentary, followed by a practical implementation on either breadboard or a Texas Instruments Power Management Lab Kit (TI PMLK). Several labs also include an OrCAD PSPICE simulation component.  EEC 116 – VLSI Design

Units: 4 (Lecture 3/Laboratory 3)
Prerequisites: EEC 110A or EEC 111
Catalog Description: CMOS devices, layout, circuits, and functional units; VLSI fabrication and design methodologies. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. CMOS devices
A. NMOS transistor, basic characteristics
B. PMOS transistor, basic characteristics
C. Threshold voltage
D. Body effect
E. Basic DC equations
II. VLSI Fabrication Technologies
A. Silicon wafer processing steps
B. Bulk MOS transistor fabrication
C. Interconnect
D. Design rules
E. Other technologies: multiple wells, SOI, bipolar
III. Simple CMOS Circuits
A. Static SMOS inverter
B. Transistor sizing
C. Noise margin
D. Gate delay
E. Power dissipation
F. Transmission gate
IV. Other CMOS Circuits
A. More complex logic static gates
B. Overview of dynamic circuits
V. Design Methodologies
A. Modeling transistors
B. Modeling interconnect and loads
C. Circuit simulation using SPICE
D. Fullcustom circuit layout using MAGIC
VI. Design of More Complex Structures
A. Arithmetic circuits
B. Memories
C. Chip I/O
D. Power distribution  EEC 118 – Digital Integrated Circuits

Units: 4 (3 Lecture/3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 110A, EEC 18
Catalog Description: Analysis and design of digital integrated circuits. The emphasis is on MOS logic circuit families. Logic gate construction, voltage transfer characteristics, and propagation delay. Regenerative circuits, RAM’s, ROM’s, and PLA’s. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. The Ideal Logic Gate, Definitions
A. Logic levels, noise margins
B. Switching speed
C. Review of basic logic functions and symbols
II. The MOS Transistor
A. Large signal equations and models, regions of operation
B. Static IV characteristics
C. Device capacitances
D. CMOS processes, parasitics
III. Interconnect
A. Wire parasitics
B. Wire models
IV. MOS Logic Gates
A. Resistively loaded inverter, load line analysis, voltage transfer characteristic
B. NMOS and pseudoNMOS inverter
C. The CMOS inverter
D. Static CMOS logic
E. Dynamic CMOS logic
F. Pass transistor logic
G. Low power design
H. Arithmetic structures
V. Switching Time Analysis of CMOS Logic
A. Definition of propagation delay times
B. Piecewise linear analysis for estimating switching times
C. Calculation of the equivalent load capacitance
D. Logical effort
E. Driving long interconnects
VI. Regenerative Logic Circuits, Sequential Elements, and Clocking
A. A simple bistable circuit
B. SR latch, D flipflop
C. Static and dynamic flipflops
D. Estimating switching speed of regenerative circuits
E. One, Two, and FourPhase clocking
VII. Semiconductor Arrays and Memories
A. The PLA
B. ROM
C. EPROM and nonvolatile memory
D. RAM – Static and dynamic storage cells
E. Address decoders and sense amplifiers
VIII. Physical Design
A. Gate arrays
B. Standard cells
C. VLSI layout
IX. Advanced and Alternative Topics
A. Bipolar and BiCMOS logic gates
B. The Schmitt trigger
C. Multivibrators
D. Selftimed and asynchronous techniques
E. Differential logic styles  EEC 119A/B – Integrated Circuit Design Project

Units: A  3; B  2 (1 Workshop; A  5 Laboratory; B  3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: A  EEC 116 or EEC 118; B  119Z
Catalog Description:
Design course involving architecture, circuit design, physical design, and validation through extensive simulation of a digital or mixedsignal integrated circuit of substantial complexity under given design constraints. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
This course involves the architecture, circuit design, physical design, and validation of an integrated circuit using contemporary computeraided design (CAD) tools and simulators. Circuit functionality may include sensor interfaces and signal processing, multimedia processing, or large memories and may be taken from a variety of application domains such as biomedical, automotive, or generalpurpose computation. The team is given an integrated circuit design problem which must be solved under realistic constraints such as area and power. The project will involve circuit and physical design (layout) of functional units such as arithmeticlogic units (ALUs), multiplyaccumulate (MAC) blocks, and memories, and may also include analog circuit blocks such as phaselocked loops (PLLs) for clock generation or voltage regulators for power supply generation. The team will develop and implement a validation plan which will verify their design through extensive simulation. Projects will be evaluated in part based on the completeness and correctness of the design, the performance of each design, and possibly other design attributes (e.g., energy per operation, noise tolerance, etc.). A team project report will be submitted that describes the architecture, design, and validation through simulation of the IC. The report will include a Product Analysis section. This section will evaluate the potential of the integrated circuit as a commercial product as both a standalone, packaged component or as an intellectual property (IP) module which can be incorporated into larger systemsonchip (SoCs). This section will also consider various realworld design constraints that would be imposed on the commercial product, including market analysis, standardsbased interfaces, and yield analysis. Each project in this sequence involves at least three of the following disciplines: semiconductor devices, digital system and logic design, digital circuit design, analog circuit design, VLSI design, and digital system testing.  EEC 130A – Introductory Electromagnetics I

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: MAT 21D, PHY 9C or PHY 9HD, ENG 17
Catalog Description: Basics of static electric and magnetic fields and fields in materials. Work and scalar potential. Maxwell’s equations in integral and differential form. Plane waves in lossless media. Lossless transmission lines. GE credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Maxwell’s Equation in Integral Form
A. Source equations for static fields (Coulomb’s amd BiotSavart’s Laws)
B. Full Maxwell’s equations, integral form – Heuristic er, mr
C. Equivalence of Gauss/Coulomb’s and Ampere’s/BiotSavart’s Laws
D. Simple examples of fields using Gauss and Ampere’s Laws
E. Faraday’s law, induction
II. Maxwell’s Equations in Differential FormWaves in Lossless Media
A. Gauss laws for electric and magnetic fields
B. Ampere’s Law and Faraday’s Law
C. Continuity equation, displacement current
D. Wave equation in source free lossless media
E. Plane waves propagating along an axis – wave impedance
III. Materials
A. Conductors and conduction current
B. Dielectric materials – polarization
C. Linear magnetic materials – magnetization
D. Classification of materials
E. Boundary conditions for the fields
F. Power and Poynting vector – energy densities
IV. Static Electric and Magnetic Fields
A. Maxwell’s equations for statics
B. Electrostatic potential – Laplace’s equation
C. Capacitance – electric energy storage
D. Selfinductance – magnetic energy storage
E. Simple boundary value problems (transmission line geometrics)
V. Lossless Transmission Lines
A. Transmission line equations with lumped circuit parameters
B. Wave equation for transmission lines
C. Current and voltage waves – characteristic impedance
D. Reflection at unmatched loads – Crank diagram
E. Input impedance
F. Quarter wavelength matching  EEC 130B – Introductory Electromagnetics II

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 130A
Catalog Description: Plane wave propagation in lossy media, reflections, guided waves, simple modulated waves and dispersion, and basic antennas. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
Plane Wave Propagation in Unbounded Media
I. Maxwell’s equations
A. Wave propagation in free space
B. Wave propagation in general media
C. Energy flow and the Poynting vector
D. Polarization
II. Reflection and transmission of waves
A. Boundary conditions
B. Various media at normal incidence
C. Various media at oblique incidence
D. Power flow at an interface
E. Standing waves
F. Plane waves at multiple interfaces
III. Waveguides
A. Waveguide condition
B. Parallel plate metallic waveguide
C. Symmetric dielectric planar waveguide
D. Rectangular metallic waveguide
IV. Radiation
A. Scalar and vector potential
B. Radiation from timevarying charges
C. Radiation from Hertxian Dipole
D. Radiation gain and radiation resistance
E. Radiation from arrays of Hertzian dipoles
V. Group Velocity and Dispersion
A. Phase and group velocity
B. The origins of material and waveguide dispersion
C. Dispersion examples  EEC 132A – RF and Microwaves in Wireless Communication I

Units: 5 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 110A, EEC 130B
Catalog Description: The study of Radio Frequency and Microwave theory and practice for design of wireless electronic systems. Transmission lines, microwave integrated circuits, circuit analyis of electromagnetic energy transfer systems, the scattering parameters. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Wireless Systems and Architectures
A. Wireless System Fundamentals
B. Terrestrial Wireless Systems
C. Satellite Based Systems
D. Wireless Applications to Defense
II. Techniques for Energy Transfer in Wireless Systems
A. Analysis of Solid Conductors
i. Internal impedance of a plane conductor
ii. Power loss in a plane conductor
iii. Current distribution in a circular wire
iv. Impedance of round wires at high frequencies
B. Transmission Lines and Waveguides
i. Transmission linefield analysis, distributed circuit analysis, transmission line parameters, terminated transmission line
ii. Coaxial and two wire lines and parameters
iii. Rectangular and circular waveguides
C. Microwave Integrated Circuit Lines
i. Stripline realizations and parameters
ii. Microstripline realizations and components
iii. Coupled lines
III. Wireless System Circuit Analysis Techniques
A. Impedance Descriptions of Transmission Line and Waveguide Elements
B. Twoport Junctions
C. The Scattering Parameters
D. Other Useful High Frequency Circuit Descriptions
IV. Passive Circuits and Devices for Wireless Systems
A. Impedance Transformation and Matching
i. Impedance matching with reactive elements
ii. Stub matching networks
iii. Quarter wavelength transformers
iv. Binomial and Chebychev transformers
v. Computer oriented design techniques  EEC 132B – RF And Microwaves In Wireless Communication II

Units: 5 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 132A
Catalog Description: Passive RF and microwave device analysis, design, fabrication, and testing for wireless applications. RF and microwave filter and coupler design. Introductory analysis and design of RF and microwave transistor amplifiers. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Passive RF and Microwave Devices and Circuits – Part I
A. Introduction to RF and Microwave Filters
i. The insertion loss technique
1. maximally flat and equiripple power loss specifications
2. g parameters
3. transmission line filter design
4. computeroriented design
ii. Exact design of TEM Line filters
1. Kuroda’s identities
2. coupled line filters
II. Passive RF and Microwave Devices and Circuits – Part II
A. Analysis and Design of Directional Couples
i. General Properties
1. scattering matrix analysis
2. directivity, coupling, losses
ii. Waveguide couple realizations
iii. Stripline coupler realizations
1. coupled stripline analysis – odd and even numbers
2. broadbanding techniques
3. computer oriented design techniques
B. Hybrid Junctions
III. Active High Frequency Devices
A. linear Amplification at high Frequencies
i. microwave transistors
B. Introductory high frequency amplifier design
i. design using scattering parameters
C. Negative resistance amplifiers
i. negative resistance devices
ii. reflection amplifiers  EEC 132C – RF and Microwaves in Wireless Communication III

Units: 5 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 132B
Catalog Description: RF and microwave amplifier theory and design, including transistor circuit models, stability considerations, noise models and low noise design. Theory and design of microwave transistor oscillators and mixers. Wireless system design and analysis. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Review of RF/Microwave Systems for Wireless Communications
II. Microwave Amplifiers
A. Circuit models for microwave transistor characteristics
B. Transistor parameters
i. Measurement and modeling of microwave transistor characteristic
C. Stability and amplifier design
D. Design using scattering parameters
i. Narrow band design
1. Design and fabrication of a narrow band low noise microwave transistor
ii. Low Noise Design
1. Noise in two ports
2. Noise Figure
3. Optimum Design
iii. Wide band Design
III. RF and Microwave Oscillators
A. One port negative resistance oscillators
B. Two port negative resistance oscillators
C. Oscillator configuration
IV. Microwave Mixers
V. Wireless Systems and Propagation Phenomena  EEC 133 – Electromagnetic Radiation And Antenna

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 130B
Catalog Description: Properties of electromagnetic radiation; analysis and design of antennas: ideal, cylindrical, small loop, aperture, and arrays; antenna field measurements. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Fundamental Concepts
A. Review of System Concepts
B. Review of Fundamentals of Electromagnetics
C. Point Sources
D. Power and Radiation
E. Radiation Intensity
F. Examples
G. Directivity
H. Gain Examples
I. Field Patterns
J. Antenna as an Aperture
K. Examples
L. Friis Transmission Formula
II. Ideal Linear Antennas
A. Short Dipole
III. Thin Linear Antennas
A. Far Field Equations
B. Radiation Resistance or Wire Antennas
C. Log Periodic Antennas
IV. Cylindrical Antennas
A. Hallens Integral Equation
B. Current Distributions
C. Output Impedance
V. Small Loop Antennas
A. Fields from a Circular Loop Antenna
B. Radiation Resistances or Small Loop Antennas
VI. Aperture Antennas
A. Huygens Principle and Aperture
B. Application to Horn Antennas
i. H Plane Sectional Horn
ii. E Plane Sectional Horn
iii. Pyramidal Horn
VII. Arrays
VIII. Antenna Measurements and Analysis
A. Dipoles
B. Monopoles
C. Simple Arrays
D. E and H Plane Horns
E. Pyramidal Horns  EEC 134A – RF/Microwave Systems Design I

Units: 3 (3 Workshop; 6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 130B or EEC 110B or EEC 150
Catalog Description: Boardlevel RF design, fabrication, and characterization of an RF/microwave system, including the antenna, RF frontend, baseband, mixsignal circuits, and digital signal processing models. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
EEC 134AB is a twoquarter senior design project course with a focus in RF/microwave system engineering. The course provides an opportunity to work on handson projects related to RF and wireless systems on the board level. The projects encompass multiple aspects of electrical engineering, including system design, antenna design, analog circuit design, embedded systems, and digital signal processing. The primary aim of the course is to prepare the students with a better understanding of engineering principles as well as practical engineering skills. The first project option we have implemented is a frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar system that can perform range, Doppler, and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements. In the first quarter, the students build an FMCW radar system using breadboard and offtheshelf connectorized RF components. In the second quarter the students focus on improving the system performance and gauge their success by a performance competition. The course will satisfy senior design requirement for undergraduate students in electrical and computer engineering. There is currently no RF/Microwave senior design option. No final exam. A final report and presentation are required.  EEC 134B – RF/Microwave Systems Design II

Units: 3 (3 Workshop; 6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 134A
Catalog Description: Boardlevel RF design, fabrication, and characterization of an RF/microwave system, including the antenna, RF frontend, baseband, mixsignal circuits, and digital signal processing models. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
EEC 134AB is a twoquarter senior design project course with a focus in RF/microwave system engineering. The course provides an opportunity to work on handson projects related to RF and wireless systems on the board level. The projects encompass multiple aspects of electrical engineering, including system design, antenna design, analog circuit design, embedded systems, and digital signal processing. The primary aim of the course is to prepare the students with a better understanding of engineering principles as well as practical engineering skills. The first project option we have implemented is a frequency modulated continuous wave (FMCW) radar system that can perform range, Doppler, and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) measurements. In the first quarter, the students build an FMCW radar system using breadboard and offtheshelf connectorized RF components. In the second quarter the students focus on improving the system performance and gauge their success by a performance competition. The course will satisfy senior design requirement for undergraduate students in electrical and computer engineering. There is currently no RF/Microwave senior design option. No final exam. A final report and presentation are required.  EEC 135  Optoelectronics for High Speed Data Networking and Computing Systems

Units: 4
Prerequisites: EEC 130B
Catalog Description: Principles of optical communication systems. Planar dielectric waveguides. Optical fibers: singlemode, multimode, step and graded index. Attenuation and dispersion in optical fibers. Optical sources (LEDs and lasers) and receivers. Design of digital optical transmission systems. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction
A. Fiber optics
B. Fundamentals of fiberoptic components
C. Fundamentals of communications
D. Evolution of fiber optic systems
E. Elements of an optical fiber link
II. Waveguides
A. Planar waveguides
B. Stepindex multimode fibers
C. Gradedindex multimode fibers
D. Singlemode fibers
E. Dispersionshifted single mode fibers
F. Polarization in single mode fibers
III. Signal degradation in optical fibers
A. Attenuation
B. Signal distortion (dispersion)
C. Mode coupling
D. Optimized single mode fiber design
IV. Optical sources
A. Light source considerations
B. Light emitting diodes
C. Laser principles
D. Simple semiconductor lasers
V. Optical Transmitters
A. Optical transmitter principles and operational considerations
B. Modulation and chirp
C. Singlechannel transmitter design
VI. Optical Receivers
A. Photodetector physical principles
B. Optical receiver principles and noise
C. Receiver sensitivity and biterrorrates
VII. Amplifiers
A. Optical amplifier principles
B. Optical amplifiers as line amplifiers, booster amplifiers, and preamplifiers
C. Optical repeaters and cascaded amplifier performance
VIII. Optical Couplers and other Passive Components
A. Couplers
B. Attenuators
C. Optical isolators
D. Optical circulators
E. Multiplexers and demultiplexers
IX. Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM)
A. WDM networking requirements
B. WDM systems
C. WDM technologies
X. Modulators, Optical Switches and Other Active Components
A. Modulators and modulations
B. Switching in optical networks
C. Optical switching technologies
XI. Designing Optical Network Systems
A. Telecommunication network structure
B. Optical Switching Systems and Switching Capacity
C. Optical Transmission Systems and Transmission Capacity
D. Singlechannel transmission system design
i. Power budget
ii. Transmission capacity budget
iii. Dispersion management
iv. Optical amplifier placements and performance tradeoffs  EEC 136AB – Electronic Design Project

Units: 3  Fall Quarter; 2  Winter Quarter (1 Workshop; 5 Laboratory)
Prerequisites for EEC 136A: ECS 30, EEC 100, EEC 18 and either EEC 110B, EEC 157A (may be taken concurrently), or EEC 180
Prerequisites for EEC 136B: EEC 136A
Catalog Description: Optical, electronic and communicationengineering design of an optoelectronic system operating under performance and economic constraints. Measurement techniques will be designed and implemented, and the system will be characterized. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description: This course involves an optical, electronic, and communicationengineering design of an electrooptical system (e.g., an optical communication link or pulse oximeter). The course integrates principles from electromagnetics, optoelectronics, semiconductors, circuit design, communications and microcontrollers. The team is given an optical, electronic design problem that must operate under constraints (e.g., noise and power constraints). A prototype system will be designed, implemented and characterized. A project will involve circuit design of transmitters and receivers, the use of a microcontroller, the selection of components, implementation of circuit boards, implementation of signal processing algorithms and finally testing. The testing may require additional design and implementation of testing circuits to quantify the performance of the system. A team project report will be submitted that describes the design, implementation and testing of the electrooptical system. The report will contain an analysis of the system design including the chosen components, sources of information about the components, justification of chosen components, detailed analysis of power budget, noise analysis and measurement, and discussion of any assumptions made. The report will include a Future Work section. This section will consider various realworld design constraints that would be imposed on a commercial system, including manufacturability constraints. Each team will do a class presentation that describes their project.  EEC 140A – Principles Of Device Physics I

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: ENG 17, PHY 9D or PHY 9HE
Catalog Description: Semiconductor device fundamentals, equilibrium and nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, conductivity, diffusion, density of states, electrons and holes, PN junctions, Schottky junctions, field effect transistors, bipolar junction transistors. GE Credit: SE, SL
Expanded Course Description:
I. Semiconductors, metals, and insulators
A. Crystal structure
B. Electron energy levels
C. Energy bands, density of states
II. Carriers and Conduction
A. Intrinsic and extrinsic carriers
B. Carrier concentration, Fermi level
C. Carrier transport, drift, and diffusion
D. Carrier generation and recombination
III. PN Junction Behavior
A. PN junctions and fundamental features
B. Schottky junctions and ohmic contacts
C. Biased junctions
D. Excess carriers and transient effects
IV. Diodes
A. Ideal IV relationships in diodes: forward bias
B. Ideal IV relationships in diodes: reverse bias
C. Ideal IV relationships in diodes: breakdown
D. Small signal behavior
E. Charge storage: forward and reversebias capacitance
V. Fundamentals of the MOS Transistor
A. Basic principle of MOS operation
B. The twoterminal MOS capacitor
C. Inversio layers and the transistor channel
D. Device potentials and the threshold voltage
E. The MOS transistor: basic operational characteristics
F. The body effect: substrate bias
G. Small signal operation of the MOSFET
VI. The Bipolar Transistor
A. Bipolar transistor action
B. Largesignal commonemitter gain
C. Equivalent circuit models
D. Basic smallsignal operation and cutoff  EEC 140B – Principles Of Device Physics II

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 140A
Catalog Description: Electrical properties, design, models, and advanced concepts for MOSFET and bipolar devices. Introduction to junction field effect transistors (JFETs, MESFETs) and heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs). Fundamentals of photonic devices, including solar cells, photodetectors, LEDs and semiconductor lasers. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Semiconductor Physics
A. Atomic bonding, impurities and defects
B. Diffusion and Field in a gradedimpurity region
C. Hall Effect
II. Carrier Behavior
A. Excess carriers and quasiFermi levels
B. Ambipolar transport
C. Scattering and lifetime mechanisms
D. Surface and interface effects
III. Advanced MOS concepts
A. Scaling and scaling theory
B. Smallfeature MOS effects
C. Fabrication methods and associated phenomena
D. Simulation models
IV. Advanced Bipolar Junction Transistor concepts
A. Nonidealities of pn junctions
B. Kirk effect and other secondorder phenomena
C. Fabrication technologies and consequences on performance
D. Switching behavior, charge storage, frequency limitations
V. Other Junction Devices and Phenomena
A. Heterojunctions
B. Thyristors and SCR devices
C. Latchup
VI. Photonics
A. Optical absorption
B. Photovoltaics and solar cells
C. Photoconductors and photodetectors
D. Lightemitting diodes
E. Semiconductor lasers  EEC 145 – Electronic Materials

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 140A
Catalog Description:
Electronic and physical properties of materials used in electronics, ICs, optoelectronics and MEMS. Thermal, mechanical, conductive, optical and nonlinear properties, along with synthesis and deposition methods of semiconductors, dielectrics, metals, optical materials, organic semiconductors and magnetic thin films are discussed. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
Thorough understanding of the materials used in electronic and MEMS devices, including semiconductors, metals and dielectrics, both bulk and thin films.
I. Semiconductors
A. Review of the MOS fundamentals and needs
B. Physical properties
C. Conductivity and mobility
D. Temperature effects and thermoelectrics
E. Compound semiconductors and heterostructures
F. Fabrication technologies
G. Defects
H. Nanomaterials and their properties
II. Dielectrics
A. Native and deposited oxides
B. Native and deposited nitrides and carbides
C. Thermal properties, mismatch and slip
D. Tunneling properties
E. Fabrication methods
III. Metals
A. Properties of refractory metals
B. Composite thinfilms and Damascene structures
C. Diffusion barriers
D. Ohmic and Schottky contacts
E. Deposition technologies
IV. Optical Properties
A. Optical absorption and emission in inorganic solids
B. Photoconductivity  EEC 146A – Integrated Circuits Fabrication

Units: 3 (2 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 140A
Catalog Description: Basic fabrication processes for metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) integrated circuits. Laboratory assignments covering oxidation, photolithography, impurity diffusion, metallization, wet chemical etching, and characterization work together in producing metalgate PMOS test chips which will undergo parametric and functional testing. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Clean Room Processing
A. Safety with Process Chemicals and Processing Equipment
B. Contamination Control
C. Chemical Cleaning and Polishing
II. Basic Integrated Circuits Processes
A. Wet and Dry Oxidation for Fields and Gates
B. Spincoating Resists and Softbake
C. Contact Photoexposure and Image Development
D. Patterning by Wet Chemical Etching and Liftoff
E. Impurity Predeposition Using Solid Sources
F. Junction Formation and Dopant Diffusion
G. Metal Deposition by Evaporation
H. Annealing and Interface Charge Passivation
III. Basic Materials Characterization Techniques
A. Thermal Probe Measurements
B. FourPoint Resistivity Analysis
C. Ellipsometry and Color Analysis of Silicon Dioxide Films
D. Determination of Etch Rates
E. Groove and Stain Junction Measurements
IV. Basic Parametric and Functional Testing
A. Device Probing
B. IV Measurements of MOS Devices
C. Threshold Measurements
D. Metal to Semiconductor Interfaces
E. Junction Breakdown
F. Ring Oscillators and Performance Benchmarks  EEC 146B – Advanced Integrated Circuits Fabrication

Units: 3 (2 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 146A
Catalog Description: Fabrication processes for CMOS VLSI. Laboratory projects examine deposition of thin films, ion implantation, process simulation, anisotropic plasma etching, sputter metallization, and CV analysis. Topics include isolation, projection alignment, epilayer growth, thin gate oxidation, and rapid thermal annealing. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. VLSI Processes
A. Lowpressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD)
B. Silicon, silicon dioxide, and silicon nitride thin films
C. Device isolation by local isolation (LOCOS) and trench
D. Epitaxial layer growth, film thickness optimization
E. Vacuum systems: selection, design, and application
F. Glow discharge processing
G. Isotropic plasma etching, reactive ion etching (RIE), ion milling
H. Ion implantation and graded impurity profiles
I. Projection alignment and stepping
J. Submicron structure processing using electron beam lithography
K. MidUV proximity alignment
L. Mask making for different aligner sources
M. Thin gate dielectric growth
N. Rapid thermal annealing. criteria for selecting run times
O. Sputter deposition of metals and silicide formation
P. Factors pertaining to formulating new processes
II. Process Characterization Techniques
A. Van der Pauw structures, Hall devices, and data interpretation techniques
B. CV and Ct analysis of MIS diodes
C. Process simulation using SUPREM, energy and range selection criteria
D. Step profilometry
E. Light and dark field and interferencecontrast optical microscopy
F. Spreading resistance measurement
G. Mass spectrometry and RGA end point detection
H. Chemical defect etching
III. Reliability Issues
A. Electromigration elimination
B. Hot carrier degradation and practical solutions
C. Bird’s beak
D. Alphahit protection
E. Latchup
F. Body effect
G. Punchthrough
H. Practical methods for eliminating failure mechanisms  EEC 150 – Introduction To Signals And Systems

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 100, ENG 6 or MAT 22AL (may be taken concurrently)
Catalog Description: Characterization and analysis of continuoustime linear systems. Fourier series and transforms with applications. Introduction to communication systems. Transfer functions and block diagrams. Elements of feedback systems. Stability of linear systems. GE Credit: QL, SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Signals and Their Functional Representations
A. Some applications involving signals
B. Periodic continuoustime signals
C. Nonperiodic signals
D. The Delta function and its applications
II. Linear ContinuousTime Systems
A. System classification
B. Modeling simple systems
C. Systems defined by differential equations
D. The impulse response
E. The convolution integral
F. Block diagrams
III. Elements of Feedback Systems
A. Review of the Laplace transform
B. The transfer function and block diagrams
C. Feedback in control (plants, controllers, and error signals)
D. Stability and the splane
E. RouthHurwitz test (OPTIONAL)
F. The Nyquist criterion
G. Rootlocus analyses
IV. Periodic Signals and Their Spectra
A. Representation of signals by orthogonal functions (OPTIONAL)
B. Periodic functions and Fourier series
C. Properties of Fourier series
D. Systems with periodic inputs
V. The Fourier Transform
A. Definition
B. Properties and examples of Fourier transforms
C. Introduction to filters
i. Linear timeinvariant systems (filters)
ii. Butterworth, Chebyshev, and Elliptic filters
iii. Frequency transformations of analog filters (OPTIONAL)
D. Gibbs phenomenon (OPTIONAL)
VI. Elements of Communication Systems
A. Amplitude modulation
B. Frequency modulation
C. The sampling theorem
D. Pulse modulation techniques  EEC 151 – Digital Signals And Systems

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 100
Catalog Description: Characterization and analysis of discrete time systems. Difference equation models. Ztransform analysis methods. Frequency Analysis. Discrete and fast Fourier transforms. Digital Filtering. GE Credit: QL, SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Discrete Signals and Systems
A. Discrete signals, system classification
B. Difference equations
C. Linear time invariant systems
D. Impulse response and inputoutput relationship in time domain
E. Discrete convolution
II. ZTransform
A. Definition, region of convergence
B. Properties and examples of the Ztransform
C. The inverse Ztransform
D. The transfer function and stability
E. Solving of difference equations in the Zdomain
F. Convolution as polynomial multiplication (input/output relationship)
III. Transform Analysis of Linear Time Invariant Systems
A. Frequency response, discretetime Fourier transform
B. Frequency domain input/output relationship
C. Frequency response: magnitude and phase response, group delay
D. Lowpass, bandpass, and high pass filters
E. Allpass, minimumphase systems
F. Linear phase filters
IV. Digital Filtering Structures and Implementations
A. Block diagrams and signal flow graphs
B. Direct forms, cascade, parallel forms
C. Transposed form
D. Filtering of random digital signals
E. Power spectrum density
V. Discrete and Fast Fourier Transforms
A. The DFT and its properties
B. Circular convolution, relation with linear convolution
C. Overlap and add, overlap and save implementations of long convolutions
D. Decimation in time FFT
E. Decimation in frequency FFT
VI. Digital Signals and Continuoustime Signals (A/D and D/A conversions)
A. Continuous time signals and Fourier transform
B. Properties of Fourier transform
C. Sampling theorem and frequency domain analysis of sampling and aliasing (A/D)
D. Reconstruction of bandlimited continuous time signals by samples (D/A)
E. Discretetime implementation of continuoustime filters  EEC 152 – Digital Signal Processing

Units: 4 (2 Lecture; 6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 70, EEC 151
Catalog Description: Theory and practice of realtime digital signal processing. Fundamentals of realtime systems. Programmable architectures including I/O, memory, peripherals, interrupts, DMA. Interfacing issues with A/D and D/A converters to a programmable DSP. Specification driven design and implementation of simple DSP applications. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
Students work in groups of two in the laboratory. Lab projects will involve the design, implementation, test and evaluation of realtime DSP systems using typically a TI C6713 DSP processor. There are many possible solutions to the lab projects and groups will have to make many engineering decisions during the design phases. System modeling and simulation will be carried out in Matlab prior to implementing the design on the DSP processor hardware.
I. Introduction to Digital Signal Processors
A. DSP processor architectures
B. DSP tools (Code Composer Studio)
C. Input and output considerations
II. RealTime Digital Signal Processor Programming Techniques
A. Polling
B. Interrupts
C. DMA
D. Multitasking with preemptive task scheduler (e.g. DSP/BIOS)
III. Hardware Interfacing to Digital Signal Processor
A. Review of Sampling, Quantization and Signal Reconstruction
B. A/D converter operation
C. D/A converter operation
IV. Implementation of DSP Applications
A. Finite Impulse Response (FIR) filters
B. Infinite Impulse Response (IIR) Filters
C. Fast Fourier Transform
D. Adaptive filters  EEC 157A – Control Systems I

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
I. Introduction to Control Systems
Prerequisite: EEC 100
Catalog Description: Analysis and design of feedback control systems. Examples are drawn from electrical and mechanical systems as well as other engineering fields. Mathematical modeling of systems, stability criteria, rootlocus and frequency domain design methods. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
A. Definition of Control Systems
B. Examples of Modern Control Systems
II. Mathematical Preliminaries
A. Linear and Nonlinear Systems
B. Linear Approximations of Physical Systems
C. Differential Equations of Systems
D. The Laplace Transform
E. Analysis of Electrical and Mechanical Systems in the sDomain
F. Transfer Functions
G. BlockDiagram Representations
III. Mathematical Modeling and Control of Linear Feedback Systems
A. Transfer Functions of Systems with OpAmps
B. Electromechanical Systems
C. Modeling of DC Motors
D. Design of a Speed Control System
E. Design of a Position Control System
F. Comparison of Disturbance Reduction
G. Transient Response
H. Steady State Error
I. Sensitivity to Parameter Variations in OpenLoop and ClosedLoop Control Systems
J. The Cost of Feedback
K. Signal Flow Graphs
L. Mason's Rule
IV. Stability of Linear Feedback Systems
A. The Concept of Stability
B. BIBO Stability
C. RouthHurwitz Stability Criterion
D. Relative Stability
E. Location of OpenLoop and ClosedLoop Poles
F. Design of Stable Systems
V. Performance of Feedback Control Systems
A. Design Requirements Based on TimeDomain Specifications
B. The Location of Poles and the Transient Response
C. SteadyState Error
VI. The RootLocus Method
A. The Rules of the RootLocus Method
B. Analysis and Design Using the RootLocus Method
C. Parameter Design
D. Sensitivity and Frequency Response
VII. The Nyquist Stability Criterion
A. Contour Mapping in the SPlane
B. The Nyquist Criterion
C. Relative Stability
D. ClosedLoop Frequency Response
E. Design of Stable Systems using the Nyquist Criterion
F. Stability of Systems with Time Delays
VIII. Frequency Response Methods
A. The Bode Plot
B. Performance Specifications in the Frequency Domain
C. Magnitude and Phase Plots
D. Design of Feedback Systems Using Frequency Response Methods  EEC 157B – Control Systems II

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 157A
Catalog Description: Control system optimization and compensation techniques, digital control theory. Laboratory includes Servo system experiments and computer simulation studies. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. The Design and Compensation of Feedback Control Systems
A. Approaches to Compensation
B. Cascade Compensation Networks
C. ProportionalIntegralDerivative Compensation
D. PhaseLead Compensation Design Using the Bode Diagram
E. PhaseLead Compensation Design Using the Root Locus
F. PhaseLag Compensation Design Using the Bode Diagram
G. PhaseLage Compensation Design Using the Root Locus
H. Systems with a Prefilter
II. Analysis and Design of Control Systems using State Space Representations
A. The State Variables of a Dynamic System
B. The State Vector Differential Equation
C. The Time Response and the Transition Matrix
D. Solving the Linear, TimeInvariant State Equation
E. Statespoace Representations of TransferFunctions
F. Signal Flow Graph State Models
G. The Stability of Systems in the Time Domain
H. Controllability and Observability
I. Pole Placement
III. DiscreteTime Control Systems
A. Definition and Properties of the ZTransform
B. TransferFunctions of DiscreteData Systems
C. Stability of DiscreteData Systems and the Jury Criterion
D. SteadyState Error ANalysis of DiscreteData Control Systems
E. RootLoci of DiscreteData Control Systems
F. Digital Implementation of Analog Controllers
G. Frequency Domain Design of DiscreteData  EEC 160 – Signal Analysis And Communications

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 150
Catalog Description: Signal analysis and design. Fourier series and transforms. Timesampling, convolution, and filtering; spectral density. Analog and digital modulation: carrieramplitude, carrierfrequency, and pulseamplitude; analysis and design. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Review of Fourier Series
A. Exponential form
B. Other forms
C. Parseval’s relation
D. Convolution theorem
E. Filtering
F. TimeFrequency duality
G. CADComputerAided Design Projects
II. Review of Fourier Transform
A. Limiting form of Fourier series
B. Relation to Laplace transform
C. Properties
D. Transform pairs
E. Parseval’s relation
F. Impulses, convolution, and filters
G. Timesampling
H. Optimized impulse response. Implementation of a matched filter receiver
III. Spectral Density
A. Finite energy and finite average power
B. Spectral density and filtering
C. Bandpass signal representation and Hilbert transform
D. Bandlimited baseband spectral CAD task. Pulse design and effect of line codes on the spectrum of bandlimited baseband signals.
E. Pulse amplitude and pulse code modulation
IV. Amplitude Modulation
A. Double sideband
B. Quadrature AM
C. Single sideband and vestigial sideband AM
D. AM with carrier
E. CADDigital AM spectral analysis/design. Design and computer simulation of DSB and SSB AM modulation and demodulation
V. Angle Modulation
A. Phase and frequency modulation
B. Narrowband FM
C. Wideband FM
D. Design and simulation of FSK and PSK digital communication systems  EEC 161 – Probabilistic Analysis Of Electrical & Computer Systems

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 100, ENG 6 or MAT 22AL
Catalog Description: Probabilistic and statistical analysis of electrical and computer systems. Discrete and continuous random variables, expectation and moments. Transformation of random variables. Joint and conditional densities. Limit theorems and statistics. Noise models, system reliability and testing. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Sample space and probability
A. Events, axioms of probability
B. Conditional probability, Bayes law
C. Independence
II. Discrete random variables
A. Probability mass function
B. Expectation, mean, variance
C. Generating function
D. Joint probability mass function of multiple discrete random variables
E. Conditioning, independence
III. Continuous random variables
A. Cumulative probability distribution function and probability density
B. Expectation, mean, characteristic function
C. Transformation of a random variable
IV. Joint random variables
A. Joint probability distribution and densities
B. Joint moments
C. Transformation of multiple random variables
D. Conditional densities, conditional expectation, repeated expectations
V. Sums of random variables
A. Convergence of sequences of random variables
B. Law of large numbers
C. Central limit theorem
D. Sampling statistics: sample mean, sample variance, confidence intervals
VI. Random processes
A. Sample paths
B. Mean, autocorrelation, autocovariance
C. Random processes through linear filters
D. Autocorrelation of modulated signals (optional)
E. Thermal noise in electrical circuits (optional)
F. Power spectral density
VII. Discretetime Markov chains
A. State transition diagram, one step transition matrix of a finite state homogenous Markov chain
B. Computation of probability distribution, k step transition probability matrix
C. State classification
D. Steadystate behavior
E. Application of Markov chain models to computer systems performance analysis
VIII. Queueing Systems
A. Poisson process
B. Basic queueing theory:single server system
C. Statistical analysis of queueing  EEC 165 – Statistical And Digital Communication

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 3 Project)
Prerequisites: EEC 160, EEC 161
Catalog Description: Introduction to random process models of modulated signals and noise, and analysis of receiver performance. Analog and digitally modulated signals. Signaltonoise ratio, probability of error, matched filters. Intersymbol interface, pulse shaping and equalization. Carrier and clock synchronizations. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Random Process Models for Signals and Noise
A. Stationarity and ergodicity
B. Correlation functions
C. Spectral density functions
D. Representation of bandpass signals
E. Wiener filtering
II. SignaltoNoise Ratio Performance for Analog Carrier Modulation
A. Baseband systems
B. Amplitude modulation (DSBSC, SSB, AM)
C. Corner phase estimation with a phaselocked loop, effect of noise on phase estimation
D. Phase and frequency modulation
III. Receivers and Probability of Error Performance for Digital Modulation
A. Optimum threshold receivers and matched filtering
B. ASK, PSK, FSK and spread spectrum systems
C. Mary communications, MPSK and QAM
IV. Optimal Signal Detection
A. Orthogonal representation of signals, signal space
B. Optimum receiver and probability of error
V. Intersymbol Interference and Equalization
A. Bandlimited channels and intersymbol interference (ISI) pulse shaping for zero or controlled ISI
B. Zeroforcing and minimum meansquare linear equalizers
C. Adaptive equalizers  EEC 170 – Introduction To Computer Architecture

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 18, ECS 30
Catalog Description: Introduces basic aspects of computer architecture, including computer performance measurement, instruction set design, computer arithmetic, pipelined/nonpipelined implementation, and memory hierarchies (cache and virtual memory). Presents a simplified Reduced Instruction Set Computer using logic design methods from the prerequisite course. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Computer Performance
A. Measuring Performance
B. Benchmark Selection
C. Comparing and Summarizing Performance
II. Instruction Sets
A. Addressing
B. Instruction Representation
C. Branching
D. Support for Procedures
E. Complex Instructions
III. Computer Arithmetic
A. Integer Representation
B. Addition and Subtraction
C. Logical Operations
D. ALU Design
E. Multiplication
F. Division
G. Floating Point
IV. NonPipelined Processor Design
A. Datapath
B. Simple Control Unit
C. Finite State Machine Control Unit
V. Pipelined Processor Design
A. Pipelined Datapath
B. Pipelined Control
C. Data Hazards
D. Branch Hazards
E. Exceptions
VI. Memory System Design
A. Memory Hierarchy
B. Mapping and Replacement Techniques
C. Cache
D. Virtual Memory  EEC 171 – Parallel Computer Architectures

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 170 or ECS 154B
Catalog Description: Organization and design of parallel processors including sharedmemory multiprocessors, cache coherence, memory consistency, snooping protocols, synchronization, scalable multiprocessors, message passing GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction: An overview of parallel architecture including history and current trends
II. Benchmarks, economics, and technology
III. Instruction Level Parallelism
A. Instruction and machine level parallelism
B. Inorder vs. outoforder scheduling
C. VLIW (static scheduling)
D. Branch prediction and speculation
E. Predication
F. Trace scheduling
G. Limits to instructionlevel parallelism
IV. Thred Level Parallelism
A. Flynn’s taxonomy
B. Coarse vs. finegrained parallelism
C. Symmetric and simultaneous multithreading
D. Supercomputing (at a high level)
E. Organization of multiprocessor machines and programming models (shared vs. distributed memory)
F. Memory models (consistency and coherence)
G. Cache coherence protocols
H. Interconnection networks
V. Data Level Parallelism
A. SIMD instruction sets
B. Vector machines
C. Massively parallel machines
D. Manycore processors (e.g. GPUs)
E. Dataparallel algorithms and programming models protocols, distributed shared memory and interconnection networks.  EEC 172 – Embedded Systems

Units: 4 (2 Lecture; 6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 100, EEC 170 or ECS 154A
Catalog Description: Introduction to embeddedsystem hardware and software. Topics include: embedded processor and memory architecture; input/output hardware and software, including interrupts and direct memory access; interfacing with sensors and actuators; wired and wireless embedded networking. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Overview of embedded computing systems, including applications and platforms
II. Embedded processor/microcontroller architecture
III. Embeddedsystem memory
IV. I/O hardware and software, including busses and device drivers
V. Interrupt architecture, interrupt service routines and direct memory access
VI. Interfacing with sensors and actuators
VII. Wired, wireless and internet embedded networking
VIII. Embedded and realtime operating systems
IX. Embedded system reliability, safety and security
X. Case studies of realworld embedded systems  EEC 173A – Computer Networks

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: ECS 60; ECS 132 or EEC 161 or MAT 135A or STA 131A or STA 120 or STA 32
Catalog Description: Overview of local and widearea computer networks. ISO sevenlayer model. Physical aspects of data transmission. Datalink layer protocols. Network architectures. Routing. TCP/IP protocol suite. Local area networks. Medium access protocols. Network performance analysis. Only 2 units of credit for students who have taken ECS157. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
Students will learn basic knowledge of fundamental principles in communication networks and understand the architecture and underlying protocols along with scalability, complexity, and robustness of largescale network systems. Be prepared to undertake an indepth study of local and wide area networks dealing with their access mechanisms, routing algorithms, performance evaluation methodologies, and related issues. Students will ultimately gain experience in the design and analysis of network protocol through experiments on Ethernet LAN, network measurements, or through simulation models.
I. Introduction
A. Terminology
B. OSI reference model; layered architecture and protocols
II. Physical aspects of data transmissions
A. Signals, spectral analysis, bandwidth
B. Transmission impairments
C. Data encoding/decoding
III. Communication Techniques
A. Serial/Parallel communication
B. Synchronous and asyncschronous communication
C. Interfacing techniques
D. Multiplexing: FDM, TDM, STDM
IV. Data Link Control
A. Flow Control
B. Error Detection
C. Error Control
V. Broadcast Communication Networks
A. Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocols
B. Channel Partitioning: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA
C. Random Access: Token ring/bus
D. LAN/MAN Technologies and Topologies
E. Wireless LANs
VI. The Network Layer
A. Circuit Switching
B. Packet Switching
C. Virtual Circuit vs Datagram
D. Routing
VII. The Transport Layer
A. Connectionless vs. ConnectionOriented Transport, TCP and UDP
B. TCP Flow and Congestion Control  EEC 173B – Design Projects In Communication Networks

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 173A or ECS 152A
Catalog Description: Advanced topics and design projects in communication networks. Example topics include wireless networks, multimedia networking, network design and management, traffic analysis and modeling, network simulations and performance analysis. Offered in alternate years. Crosslisted with ECS 152C. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
This undergraduate course intends to illustrate the design, management and operational principles of telecommunication networks. Students have weekly lab assignments to reinforce the concepts and provide handsonexperience. By the end of the quarter, the students will be able to use concepts learned in class to develop systematic approaches to address design problems, including scalability, complexity, and robustness issues of largescale network systems, properties and configurations of underlying hardware components, heterogeneous channel characteristics and emerging applications. In addition, we also emphasize the training of students in writing and oral communication skills. Students are required to submit written project proposals and reports. They will be asked to make an oral presentation of their projects at the end of the quarter.
I. Potential Project Topics
A. Wireless networks/Mobile computing
i. Mobile IP
ii. Ad Hoc Routing
iii. Reliable transport over wireless
B. Network measurements, design and management
i. Control vs. data forwading plan (routing, traffic engineering)
ii. Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
iii. Capacity planning; overprovisioning; load balancing
C. Multimedia networking
i. Protocols: SIP, RTP/RTCP
ii. Adaptive streaming
iii. Receiver design: payout buffer, error concealment
II. Methodologies
A. Handson experiments and prototying AND/OR
B. Simulations
i. Discretetime simulator like ns2 AND/OR
C. Performance modeling and analysis
i. Network and traffic models (Poisson, selfsimilarity, heavy tailed distributions)
ii. Queuing delay model; Little’s theorem 
EEC 174AY  Applied Machine Learning

Units: 3 (2 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: (ENG 006 or MAT 022AL); (EEC 007 or ECS 036B); (EEC 161 or EEC 151 or ECS 036C)
Catalog Description: Applied machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) in engineering systems. Design and evaluation of components that are critical to artificial intelligence (AI) driven control systems, including but not limited to sensor fusion, feature engineering, computer vision (semantic segmentation, objection detection), ML based classification, and learningbased control systems. Team project including a final presentation and report.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Introduction to Machine Learning & Deep Learning
A. Supervised and unsupervised learning
B. Deep learning: neural networks, CNN, TensorFlow
2. Introduction to Computer Vision Tasks
A. Image classification
B. Object detection and classification
C. Semantic segmentation
3. ThemeSpecific Topics  Examples include but not limited to the following:
A, Sensor Fusion, Kalman Filters, Particle Filters
B. Control Design and Optimization
C. Feature Selection and Explainable AI
D. Natural Language Processing
E. Introduction to Reinforcement learning.Students will be exposed to many of the challenges for the specific design projects they want to tackle, which may span multiple application domains. Example design themes include but not limited to selfdriving cars, smart healthcare, disease diagnosis/screening, and precision agriculture. Towards the end of the quarter, students must submit either (a) a project proposal for EEC174B, or (b) a survey paper on advanced ML topics related to the course material. The project proposal for EEC174B should describe the problem statement, design/implementation, and evaluation/testing plan. For example, in the case of selfdriving cars, students may leverage a radiocontrolled car chassis and receive additional training on ROS robot programming.

EEC 174BY  Applied Machine Learning Senior Design Project

Units: 3 (2 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 174AY
Catalog Description: Design, development, and evaluation of components that are critical to artificial intelligence (AI) driven control systems. Team project including a final presentation and report. Example design themes include but not limited to selfdriving cars, smart healthcare, and precision agriculture.
Expanded Course Description: Students will be exposed to many of the challenges for the specific design projects they want to tackle, which may span multiple application domains. Example design themes include but not limited to selfdriving cars, smart healthcare, disease diagnosis/screening, and precision agriculture.  EEC 180 – Digital Systems II (Formerly EEC 180B)

Units: 5 (3 Lecture; 6 Laboratory)
Prerequisite: EEC 18
Catalog Description: Computeraided design of digital systems with emphasis on hardware description languages, logic synthesis, and fieldprogrammable gate arrays (FPGA). May cover advanced topics in digital system design such as static timing analysis, pipelining, memory system design, and testing digital circuits.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Review of basic topics in logic design
A. Boolean Algebra
B. Combinational Logic Design and Optimization
C. Flipflops and Latches
D. Sequential Logic Design and optimization
II. Hardware Description Language
A. Structural modeling
B. Simulation Cycle
C. Modeling data
D. RegisterTransfer Level (RTL) modeling
III. Computeraided design of digital circuits
A. Design Flow
B. Functional Simulation
C. Overview of logic synthesis and technology mapping
D. Timing Simulation
IV. Field Programmable Gate Arrays
A. Architecture of FPGA
B. Programmable logic blocks and Programmable interconnect schemes
C. FPGAbased design flow
V. Timing Analysis and Clocking Schemes
A. Static timing analysis concepts
B. Edgetriggered flipflops
C. Levelsensitive latches
VI. Design Implementation and Optimization
A. Control/Data Separation
B. Pipelining
C. Retiming
VII. Memory System Design
A. SRAM
B. DRAM
C. Interfacing Memory to a Microprocessor Bus
VIII. Advanced Topics (Optional)
A. Processor Design
B. Arithmetic Circuit Design
C. Hardware Testing and Design for Testability  EEC 181A/B – Digital Systems Design Project

Units: 3 per quarter (1 Workshop; 5 Laboratory)
Prerequisites for EEC 181A: EEC 180; EEC 170 or ECS 122A
Prerequisites for EEC 181B: EEC 181A
Catalog Description: Digitalsystem and computerengineering design course involving design, implementation and testing of a prototype applicationspecific processor under given design constraints. This is a team project that includes a final presentation and report. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description: The course involves the design, analysis, implementation, and testing of an application specific processor (ASP) using a modern, largescale field programmable gate array (FPGA). The team is given a computationally intensive problem (e.g., realtime object tracking, factoring the product of two large prime numbers, or Nbody gravity simulation) and is required to investigate algorithms for solving the problem that can be efficiently implemented on an FPGA. The ASP will typically be implemented in part as software running a soft processor with applicationspecific instructions built on the FPGA, and in part as an applicationspecific digital system to accelerate the main computation. Designs are done using commercialgrade FPGA computeraided design tools. The team will implement a softwareonly reference design that runs on a standard PC or workstation and will compare and analyze the performance difference between the reference design and the ASP design. Projects will be evaluated in part based on the completeness and correctness of the ASP and the reference design, the performance of each design, and possibly other design attributes (e.g., ASP power consumption). A team project report will be submitted that describes the architecture, design, implementation, and testing of the ASP design and the reference design. The report will include a Future Work section. This section will describe the additional work that would be necessary to move the ASP from the current prototype to a commercial product. This section will also consider various realworld design constraints that would be imposed on the commerical product, including economic and manufacturability issues. This project involves the multiple disciplines of algorithms, software engineering, computer architecture, digital system design and digital system testing.  EEC 183 – Testing and Verification of Digital Systems

Units: 5 (3 Lecture; 6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 170, EEC 180
Catalog Description: Computeraided testing and design verification techniques for digital systems; physical fault testing; simulationbased design verification; formal verification; timing analysis. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction
A. System Development
B. Faults and Errors
C. Lifetime Verification
D. Logic Simulation
II. Physical Fault Testing
A. Fault Modeling
B. Fault Simulation
C. Automatic Test Generation
III. SimulationBased Design Verification
A. Error Simulation
B. Coverage Metrics
C. Hardware Emulation
D. Error Modeling
E. Automatic Test Generation
IV. Formal Design Verification
A. Theorem Proving
B. Equivalence Checking
C. Model Checking
V. Timing Verification
A. False Paths
B. Timing Constraints  EEC 189AV – Special Topics in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Units: Variable
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor; may be repeated for credit when topic is different
Catalog Description: Special topics in:
A. Computer Science
B. Programming Systems
C. Digital Systems
D. Communications
E. Signal Transmission
F. Digital Communication
G. Control Systems
H. Robotics
I. Signal Processing
J. Image Processing
K. HighFrequency Phenomena and Devices
L. SolidState Devices and Physical Electronics
M. Systems Theory
N. Active and Passive Circuits
O. Integrated Circuits
P. Computer Software
Q. Computer Engineering
R. Microprocessing
S. Electronics
T. Electromagnetics
U. OptoElectronics
V. Computer Networks
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 190C – Research Group Conferences In Electrical And Computer Engineering

Units: 1 (1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor; upper division standing in Electrical and Computer Engineering; may be repeated for credit
Catalog Description: Research group conference.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 192 – Internship In Electrical And Computer Engineering

Units: 1  5 (3  15 Internship)
Prerequisites: Completion of a minimum of 84 units; project approval prior to period of internship; may be repeated for credit
Catalog Description: Supervised workstudy experience in electrical and computer engineering.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 193A/B – Data Science & AI (Artificial Intelligence) Senior Design Project

Units: 3 (1 Lecture/A Only; 6 Laboratory A/B)
Prerequisite for EEC 193A: EEC 07 or ECS 36B, and two of the following: EEC 161/equivalent, EEC 150A, EEC 100, ECS 36C
Recommended: EEC 157A, EEC 172, ECS 170, ECS 171, ECS 173, ECS 174
Prerequisite for EEC 193B: EEC 193A
Catalog Description: Design and evaluate components that are critical to artificial intelligence (AI) driven control systems, including but not limited to sensor fusion, computer vision (semantic segmentation, object detection), machine learning (ML) based classification, and learningbased control systems. This is a team project that includes a final presentation and report. Example design projects: (1) implement learning modules for smart transportations (e.g., lane line detection, path finding, smart traffic light controller with reinforcement learning), (2) design and implement MLdriven clinical decision support system for smart healthcare applications. The students will work in teams of three or more. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
In the first quarter, the students have lectures and regular homework/lab assignments to familiarize them with some of the challenges embedded in the AIdriven systems. The scope of content will include:
1. Introduction to Machine Learning & Deep Learning
a. Supervised and unsupervised learning
b. Deep learning: neural networks, CNN, TensorFlow
2. Introduction to Computer Vision Tasks
a. Image classification
b. Object detection and classifications
c. Semantic segmentation
3. Design Theme Specific Topics
Example (1): Self Driving Cars
a. Sensor Fusion: Kalman filter and Nonlinear Kalman filter
b. ROS Tutorial
c. VisualSimultaneous Localization and Mapping(VSLAM)
Example (2): AIinHealth
a. Multimodal health data: continuous time series, electronic health records, images, videos, unstructured text
b. Featurization based on basic understanding of physiological models
c. Feature Selection and Explainable AI
Towards the end of the quarter, students will be exposed to many of the specific challenges for the individual application domains they want to tackle. Applications include but not limited to: selfdriving cars, smart healthcare, disease diagnosis/screening, and precision agriculture. A project proposal will be submitted describing the problem statement, design/implementation, and evaluation/testing plan. For example, in the case of selfdriving cars, students will be provided with a radiocontrolled car chassis, and tutorials on speed control circuits and steering control loop.
The report will contain an analysis of the students' AIsystem design including the chosen functional components, sources of information, justification of chosen learning and control algorithms, noise analysis and measurement, and discussion of any assumptions made. The report will include a Future Work section. This section will consider various realworld design constraints that would be imposed on a commercial system, including manufacturability constraints. Each team will do a class presentation that describes their project. Each team will divide the project into parts and clearly delineate which student is responsible for each part.  EEC 195A/B – Autonomous Vehicle Project

Units: 3 (1 Lecture/A Only; 6 Laboratory A/B)
Prerequisite for EEC 195A: ECS 30, EEC 100, 18; and either EEC 110B or 157A (concurrent) or 180 or ECS 60; enrollment in course EEC 195A commits the student to EEC 195B
Prerequisite for EEC 195B: EEC 195A
Catalog Description: Design and construct an autonomous race car. Students work in groups to design, build and test speed control circuits, track sensing circuits, and a steering control loop. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
The students will be provided with a radiocontrolled car chassis and the rules for the contest. The rest is up to them; there are no restrictions on the method used to sense the course or the control strategy used. In the spring, the students may compete against students from other universities in the NATCAR competition sponsored by National Semiconductor.
First quarter: The students have lectures (available on the web), do homework assignments and complete a few preset laboratory projects to familiarize them with the operation and modeling of DC motors, steering servos, speed control loops and steering control loops. They are also presented with material on construction techniques, debugging techniques, reliability and design for reliability and manufacturability. These assignments provide the necessary background for the students to be able to tackle the project on their own. The students will work in teams of three or more. Each team will divide the project into parts and clearly delineate which student is responsible for each part.
Second quarter: The teams will work on their own (with help available from the instructor and TA) to improve their designs and finish building and testing their cars. The quarter ends with a race to determine the performance used in grading the course.  EEC 196 – Issues In Engineering Design

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisite: Senior standing in Electrical or Computer Engineering
Catalog Description: The course covers various electrical and computer engineering standards and realistic design constraints including economic, manufacturability, sustainability, ethical, health and safety, environmental, social, and political. GE Credit: SE
Expanded Course Description:
This course will discuss impacts of electrical and computer engineering design, including the following considerations:
I. Economic Issues
II. Ethical Issues
III. Sustainability
IV. Health and Safety
V. Manufacturability
VI. Environmental Issues
VII. Societal Impacts
VIII. Political Examples of the impact and interaction of electrical and computer engineering design with these various issues will be presented.  EEC 197T – Tutoring In Electrical And Computer Engineering

Units: 1  3 (1 Discussion; 2  8 Discussion/Laboratory)
Prerequisites: Upperdivision standing; consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Tutoring in Electrical and Computer Engineering courses, especially introductory circuits. For upperdivision undergraduate students who will provide tutorial assistance.
Expanded Course Description:
Course content will vary depending on course for which student is tutoring. Typically, students will provide tutorial assistance either in a group or on an individual basis for laboratory exercises, homework assignments and understanding of lecture/reading material. Assistance may take the form of reviewing/discussing the material, providing guidance in problem solving, or conceptual understanding of basis principles. A onehour discussion each week will focus on topics to be covered during subsequent week’s laboratory/discussion sections. In addition, some pedagogic material on course objectives design and teaching methods will be relaxed each week.  EEC 198 – Directed Group Study

Units: 1  5
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Directed group study.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 199 – Special Study For Advanced Undergraduates

Units: 1  5
Prerequisites: N/A
Catalog Description: Special study for advanced undergraduates.
Expanded Course Description: N/A
Graduate Courses
Disciplines Key: Photonics (Pho); Physical Electronics (PE); Biology, Agriculture, Health (Bio); Circuits (Cir); Information Systems (Info); RF, Microwave (RF); Computer Engineering (CE).
 EEC 201 – Digital Signal Processing [Info, RF, Bio]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 151; STA 120 or MAT 131 or MAT 167 recommended
Catalog Description: Theory and design of digital filters. Classification of digital filters, linear phase systems, allpass functions, FIR and IIR filter design methods and optimality measures, numerically robust structures for digital filters.
Expanded Course Description:
This class is a core graduate level course in Digital Signal Processing (DSP) and is essential for students planning to pursue research in this area. The goal of this class is to provide an in depth treatment of the topic of digital filter design. In specific, the first part of the course covers the theoretical aspects of the digital filter design problem whereas the second part addresses the implementation of these filters via numerically robust structures. A filter design project where students can experiment with the inherent filter design tradeoffs and pursue novel applications in data compression, communications and genomics to name a few, is a key component of this class. By the end of the term, we hope to provide a thorough and unified treatment of digital filters and their role in contemporary applications to the level where the student can engage in research in these areas.
I. Review of DSP Fundamentals
A. Discretetime signals and system definitions
B. Linear timeinvariant (LTI) systems, stability and causality of LTI systems
C. Impulse response, convolution sum, discretetime Fourier transform and Eigen functions
D. Transform analysis of LTI systems: magnitude response, phase response and group delay
E. Ztransform, rational functions, poles and zeros, region of convergence (ROC) and difference equations
II. Digital Filters
A. Transmission zeros
B. Filter classification based on the magnitude response and phase response
C. Generalized linear phase filters
D. FIR generalized linear phase filter types and their properties
III. The Digital Filter Design Problem
A. Filter specifications
B. Normalized magnitude response and db plots
C. Wrapped and unwrapped phase response
D. Optimality criteria for filter design
IV. FIR Filter Design Techniques
A. Window method
B. Optimal window design and the prolate spheroidal function
C. Eigen filter approach
D. Optimum equiripple approximation using FIR filters
V. IIR Filter Design Techniques
A. Working principle of IIR filters
B. The bilinear transformation
C. Butterworth, Chebyshev and Elliptic filters
D. All pass filters and their properties
E. The all pass decomposition
VI. Numerically Robust Structures for Digital Filters
A. Direct forms, parallel form, cascade form
B. The finite precision representation: quantizing the filter coefficients by truncation or rounding
C. Roundoff noise analysis of filter structures
D. Scaling and dynamic range analsysis of filter structures
E. Lattice structures for all pass filters
VII. Applications of Digital Filtering  EEC 205  Computational Methods in Biomedical Imaging [Bio, Info, Pho]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: BIM 105 or STA 120; BIM 108 or EEC 150 or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Analytic tomographic reconstruction from projections in 2D and 3D; modelbased image reconstruction methods; maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods; applications to CT, PET, and SPECT.
Expanded Course Description:
Part 1: Analytic Reconstruction Methods.
1. Introduction. Review of Fourier transform, delta functions and convolutions. Polar vs. Cartesian coordinates. The Radon transform; the Fourierslice theorem; Direct Fourier reconstruction; backprojection filtering.
2. Filtered backprojection and Practical implementation considerations.
3. Fan beam reconstruction and helical scan.
4. Radon transform in higher dimensions.
5. Introduction to cone beam reconstruction: Feldkamps algorithm, Tuys condition and Grangeats formula.
6. 3D parallelbeam tomography: the xray transform; Orlovs condition, filtered backprojection in 3D; Colsher filters; 3D reprojection methods.
7. Fully 3D PET and Fourier rebinning: Exact and approximate Fourier rebinning methods for 3D reconstruction; frequencydistance relation.
Part 2: Model Based Reconstruction Methods
8. Problem formulation: finite dimensional formulations and choice of basis function; system models; forward and back projection operators; algebraic reconstruction methods (ART)
9. Statistical reconstruction approaches: Least squares, maximum likelihood and MAP formulations. Properties of estimators; Gaussian and Poisson noise models; penalty functions and priors.
10. General numerical optimization principles: convexity, local and global minima; the Hessian matrix; KuhnTucker conditions; constrained optimization.
11. Review of general purpose optimization methods: steepest descent; Newton Raphson; conjugate gradient methods; iterated coordinate ascent.
12. Optimization using surrogate functions and the EM algorithm for Poisson likelihood functions
13. (time permitting): algorithm evaluation – task based evaluation: quantitation and detection; ROC curves; computer observer models.  EEC 206 – Digital Image Processing [Info, Pho]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory [Completion of Three LabOriented Projects])
Prerequisites: EEC 151
Course Description: Twodimensional systems theory, image perception, sampling and quantization, transform theory and applications, enhancement, filtering and restoration, image analysis, and image processing systems.
Expanded Course Description:
I. TwoDimensional Systems
A. Linear systems and shift invariance
B. Convolution summation
C. Fourier transforms
II. Image Perception
A. Perception of brightness
B. Perception of spatial information
C. Color perception
D. Temporal properties of vision
III. Image Sampling and Quantization
A. Image scanning and television
B. Twodimensional sampling theory
C. Practical limitations in sampling and reconstruction
D. Image quantization
E. Visual quantization
IV. Image Transforms
A. Twodimensional orthogonal and unitary transforms
B. Discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
C. Discrete cosine transform (DFT)
D. Other transforms
V. Image Enhancement
A. Point operations
B. Histogram modeling
C. Spatial operations
D. Transform operations
E. Color image enhancement
VI. Image Filtering and Restoration
A. Image observation models
B. Inverse and Wiener filtering
C. Generalized inverse methods
D. Coordinate transformation and geometric correction
VII. Image Analysis
A. Spatial feature extraction
B. Edge detection, boundary extraction and representation
C. Structure
D. Texture
E. Scene matching and detection
F. Segmentation
VIII. Image Processing Systems
A. Image processing hardware
B. Image processing software
IX. Laboratory Experiments:
1. In the laboratory, students will learn to use an image processing hardware and software system to perform a set of experiments, chosen from:
1. Image sampling and quantization
2. Fast Fourier transform
3. Nonlinear point operations
4. Histogram equalization
5. Spatial filtering
6. Edge detection
7. Shape analysis
8. Texture analysis
 EEC 210 – Mos Analog Circuit Design [Cir]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Project)
Prerequisites: EEC 110B, EEC 140B
Catalog Description: Analysis and design of MOS amplifiers, bias circuits, voltage references and other analog circuits. Stability and compensation of feedback amplifiers. Introduction to noise analysis in MOS circuits.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Review of MOS Transistors and Technology
II. Basic MOS Amplifiers
A. Common source, common gate, and common drain amplifiers
B. Cascade amplifier
III. MOS Differential Pairs
IV. MOS Current Mirrors and Active Loads
V. Reference Circuits
A. Supply insensitive
B. Temperature insensitive (bandgap reference)
VI. MOS TwoStage Op Amp
A. Gain, input resistance, and output resistance
B. Output swing
C. Systematic and random offset
D. Commonmode rejection ratio
E. Commonmode input range
F. Powersupply rejection ratio
VII. Frequency Response
A. Singlestage amplifiers
B. Multistage amplifiers using zerovalue time constants
VIII. Stability and Compensation
IX. Introduction to Noise
A. Noise sources
B. MOS noise model
C. Circuit noise calculations
D. Equivalent input noise
E. Noise analysis of MOS 2stage op amp  EEC 211 – Advanced Analog Circuit Design [Cir]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC210; STA 131A and EEC 112 are recommended
Catalog Description: Noise and distortion in electronic circuits and systems. Application to communication circuits. Specific applications include mixers, lownoise amplifiers, power amplifiers, phaselocked loops, oscillators and receiver architectures.
Expanded Course Description:
After taking this course the student should understand:
1. The impact of combined noise and distortion on various communication circuits
2. How to analyze distortion in memoryless electronic circuits
3. How to design systems to minimize the deleterious effects of noise
4. How to analyze circuits and systems with noise sources present
5. The origins of noise in electronic systems
I. Noise
A. Review of necessary probability and statistics
B. Noise as a random variable. Derivation of thermal noise voltage. Autocorrelation function. Power spectral density. Noise bandwidth.
C. Non equilibrium noise sources: shot, flicker, burst, avalanche.
D. Noise models for electronic devices. Equivalent input noise generators. Optimum source impedance.
E. Signaltonoise ratio (SNR) and Minimum Detectable Signal (MDS). Noise Factor (F), Noise figure (NF), Noise Temperature (Te). Available gain (G) and Noise Factor for cascaded stages.
F. Effect of feedback on noise.
G. Noise shaping circuits to improve SNR. Chopper amplifier example. (optional – as time permits)
II. Distortion
A. Lowfrequency distortion analysis using series expansion. Definitions of distortion products.
B. Effect of feedback on distortion.
C. Distortion in cascaded stages.
D. Distortion and noise in communication circuits, spuriousfree dynamic range.
E. Highfrequency distortion and the Volterra Series. (optional – as time permits)
III. Applications (cover as time permits)
A. Mixers
B. Lownoise amplifiers
C. Power amplifiers
D. Phaselocked loops
E. Oscillators
F. Receiver architectures (homodyne, heterodyne)  EEC 212 – Analog Mos Ic Design For Signal Processing [Cir, Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 210
Course Description: Analysis and design of analog MOS integrated circuits. Passive components, singleended and fully differential op amps, sampleddata and continuoustime filters.
Expanded Course Description:
This is an advanced course in analog MOS integrated circuit design. The focus is on the design of circuits for signal processing applications. The first half of the course covers advanced MOS device modeling, passive components, and a number of CMOS operational amplifiers, both singleended and fully differential. In the second half of the quarter, switchedcapacitor (SC) circuits are introduced and analyzed using the Z transform and chargetransfer analysis. A SC sampleandhold circuit is analyzed. Then first and secondorder SC filters, FIR filters, ladder filters, and nonideal effects in SC filters are covered. Continuoustime CMOS filters are also presented. Homework requiring computer simulation will be carried out by the student. One midterm and a final will be given.
I. CMOS Process
A. Secondorder effects in MOS transistors
B. Passive components, matching
II. Operational Amplifiers
A. The twostage op amp
B. Folded cascode op amp
C. Class AB op amp
D. Output stages
E. Feedback analysis using return ratio
F. Fully differential op amps, continuoustime commonmode feedback (CMFB)
III. SwitchedCapacitor (SC) Circuits
A. Simple sample & hold
B. Charge transfer equations, Ztransform analysis
C. SC integrators, active SC filters, StoZ transforms
D. Sampling effects, sin x/x, decimation/interpolation, SWITCAP
E. SC ladder filters
F. FIR filters, SC gain circuits
G. kT/C noise, opamp noise, double correlated sampling, chopping
H. SC commonmode feedback
IV. ContinuousTime Filters
A. RC active filters
B. MOSFETC filters
C. TransconductanceC (GmC) filters
D. Tuning  EEC 213 – DataConversion Techniques and Circuits [Cir, Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisites: EEC 210
Catalog Description: Digitaltoanalog and analogtodigital conversion; component characteristics and matching; sampleandhold, comparator, amplifier, and reference circuits.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Building Blocks
A. Passive components
B. Comparators
C. Amplifiers
D. References
II. SampleandHold Circuits
A. Characteristics and error sources
B. Architectures
C. Correction techniques and limitations
III. DigitaltoAnalog Converters
A. Characteristics and error sources
B. Architectures
1. Direct and indirect
2. Serial and parallel
3. Current, voltage, and charge based
4. Cascaded, master/slave, and segmented
C. Correction techniques and limitations
IV. AnalogtoDigital Converters
A. Characteristics and error sources
B. Architectures
1. Direct and indirect
2. Serial, successive approximation, algorithmic, parallel, subranging, pipelined, and oversampled
C. Correction techniques and limitations
V. Article Reviews: Each student is required to give an oral summary of an instructorapproved journal article on a dataconversion circuit or technique.  EEC 215 – Circuits For Digital Communications [Cir, Info, CE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 151 and EEC 210 (may be taken concurrently); EEC 165, EEC 166 or EEC 265 recommended
Catalog Description: Analog, digital, and mixedsignal CMOS implementations of communicationcircuit blocks: gain control, adaptive equalizers, sampling detectors, clock recovery.
Expanded Course Description:
Develop an understanding of the implementation options (analog vs. digital vs. mixed analog/digital) and tradeoffs for the CMOS design of key signalprocessing blocks for digital communication transceivers.
I. Baseband digital data transmission, simple NRZ channel, bandwidth limitations, an ideal transmission channel.
II. AGC loops (local feedback vs. decisiondirected gain control), analog, digital, and mixedsignal approaches and tradeoffs. The LeastMean Square method for adjusting gain, "gear shifting."
III. Fixed equalizers, compromise equalization, adaptive equalizers (baud and fractionallyspaced FIR equalizers), coefficient update equations, tap noise, training sequences, hardware implementations (analog, digital, and mixedsignal implementations of the equalizers and adaptive loops; direct and transposed FIR structures), DC cancellation tap. AGC and adaptive equalizer interaction.
IV. The Decision Feedback Equalizer (DFE), advantages and disadvantages, update equations, implementations, the RAM DFE.
V. Partial response signaling, dicodes, the Viterbi detector, advantages, implementations.
VI. Clock recovery schemes, acquisition and tracking modes, decision directed approaches to timing recovery, effect of sampling jitter, analog, mixedsignal and digital approaches.
VII. A complete baseband receiver, showing all blocks. System examples: a 100 Mb/s ethernet transceiver, a diskdrive read channel, and a DSL transceiver.
VIII. Echo cancellation, linearity requirements, implementations.  EEC 216 – Low Power Digital Integrated Circuit Design [Cir, PE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 118
Catalog Description: IC design for low power and energy consumption. Low power architectures, logic styles and circuit design. Variable supply and threshold voltages. Leakage management. Power estimation. Energy sources, power electronics, and energy recovery. Applications in portable electronics and sensors. Thermodynamic limits.
Expanded Course Description:
Design Project #1 typically involves optimizing a particular logic block for both power and performance. Example circuits include 32bit adders, 4×4 array multipliers, or an SRAM data cache critical path. Projects involve logic design, transistor level circuit design, simulation and verification using a Spicelike circuit simulator such as Hspice, and preparation of a written report with an emphasis on design discussion. Design Project #2 Final Project allows students to pursue their own small research projects in various aspects of low power digital integrated circuit design. Examples include modeling power dissipation for routing fabrics, designing lowswing or encoded onchip interconnects, and exploring low leakage power cache designs. Students are required to perform some circuit or logic design and analysis. Designs are verified through simulation using a Hardware Description Language such as Verilog or circuit simulator such as Hspice. Students give a brief class presentation and submit a final report in a conference paper format.
1. Overview of Low Power Design
1. CMOS Power Dissipation
2. Power and Performance Tradeoffs
3. Trends in IC Power Consumption
2. Low Power Architectures
1. Clock Gating and Clock Management
2. Pipelining to Reduce Supply Voltage
3. Parallelization to Reduce Supply Voltage
 Low Power Circuit Design
1. Logic Power Estimation
2. Power Minimization in Static CMOS
3. Power Minimization in Dynamic CMOS
4. MultipleThreshold CMOS
5. Variable Supply and Threshold Voltages
6. Managing Leakage
7. SilicononInsulator(SOI) Technologies
8. Energy Recovery
9. Interconnect Power Estimation and Management
1. Energy Sources and Power Electronics
1. Batteries and Fuel Cells
2. Energy Scavenging
3. DC/DC Converters: Fundamentals
4. DC/DC Converters: Optimization
2. Other Topics in Low Power Design
1. Low Power Synthesis
2. Applications: Computing, Communication and Multimedia
3. Applications: Sensors and Sensor Networks
4. Fundamental Limits and Thermodynamics of Computation  EEC 221 – Radio Frequency and Microwave Filter Design [RF, Circ]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC132A or instructor consent
Catalog Description: Design of RF and microwave filters including filter specification and approximation theory. Passive LC filter design will cover doublyterminated reactance twoport synthesis and coupling matrix based synthesis. Active filter design will include sensitivity, opamp building blocks, and cascade filter design.
Expanded Course Description:
Filters are ubiquitous components in high frequency electronic systems. Jokingly known as the “RF engineers’ bandage”, RF and microwave filters find use in band/channel selection, image rejection, antialiasing, and pretty much anywhere undesired signals need to be eliminated. With the deployment of advanced wireless communication networks, there has been a steadily increasing interest in RF/microwave filters with better performance, smaller form factor, and lower cost. This course intends to provide a thorough and uptodate introduction of the design theories and implementation techniques for RF and microwave filters. The targeted audience is senior undergraduate students and graduate students with a basic background in circuit analysis and RF engineering. After successfully completing the course, the students are expected to be able to:
 Understand the basic electrical properties of passive circuits
 Synthesize 1port passive circuits according to a prescribed impedance function
 Synthesize 2port passive circuits according to a prescribed transfer function
 Understand major filter design specifications and tradeoffs
 Understand the properties of various filter approximation functions
 Synthesize passive filters with immittance inverters
 Understand the formulation of coupling matrix for coupledresonator filter design
 Synthesize the coupling matrix for a prescribed transfer function
 Understand major design methods for analog filters
 Understand major filter implementation technologies
 Understand the operating principles of electroacoustic filters  EEC 222 – RF IC Design [RF, Circ]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 132C, EEC 210
Catalog Description: Radio frequency (RF) solidstate devices, RF device modeling and design rules; nonlinear RF circuit design techniques; use of nonlinear computeraided (CAD) tools; RF power amplifier design.
Expanded Course Description:
Students will gain the fundamentals of RF IC design and be familiarized with RF IC design rules and nonlinear computeraided design tools.
I. Overview of highfrequency integrated circuits
A. Onchip passive devices: resistors, capacitors and inductors
B. Highfrequency/highspeed device physics and figures of merit
II. Solidstate device modeling and design rules
A. Review of smallsignal model and extraction techniques
B. Largesignal model
C. Examples of nonlinear models
D. Examples of RF IC design rules and processes
III. Nonlinear RF circuit design analysis
A. Harmonic balance analysis
B. Largesignal, singletone problems
C. Solution algorithms
D. Selecting the number of harmonics and time samples
E. Generalized harmonic balance analysis
F. Circuit envelop analysis
IV. RF power amplifier design
A. Classes of power amplifiers
B. Review of linear power amplifier design techniques
C. Gain match and power match, matching circuits for power amplifiers
D. Introduction to loadpull measurements
E. Conventional highefficiency amplifiers
F. Nonlinear effects in RF power amplifiers
G. Efficiency enhancements and linearization techniques  EEC 223 – RF Integrated Circuits for Wireless Communications [RF, Circ, Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 132A; EEC 112
Catalog Description: Integrated RF front end circuit design of receivers and synthesizers for wireless communications, such as LNA, mixers, PLL; noise and linearity analysis and specifications; theory and working mechanism of synthesizers and phase noise analysis.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Basic concept of RF design for wireless communications
1. Review of transistor noise type, model, NF
2. Device nonlinearity and their effects in RF systems, gain compression, intermodulation, desensitization etc.
3. System sensitivity and dynamic range
2. RF Transceiver Architecture Analysis and Design
1. Review of heterodyne and homodyne architecture
2. Image rejection receiver, Hartley and Weaver receiver
3. Polyphase Filter
3. Integrated Low Noise Amplifier( LNA) Design
1. Input matching for integrated LNA
2. Integrated LNA topologies, common gate, common source, inductive degeneration LNAs
3. LNA design examples, transformer coupled, noise cancellation LNAs
4. Integrated Mixer Design
1. Integrated passive and active mixer design and comparison, linearity, noise analysis. Noise folding effects
2. Mixer linearization and noise improvement techniques, source degeneration, offset transconductance
5. Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO)
1. Review of oscillator and VCO model
2. Phase noise generation mechanism, analysis and effects
3. Quadrature signal generation
6. Phase Locked Loop (PLL) and Components
1. TypeI and TypeII charge pump PLL
2. Dividers including static, dynamic and programmable dividers
3. Phase Frequency Detector and Charge Pump design and nonidealities
4. Phase noise contribution and analysis from individual blocks
5. IntegerN and FractionN Synthesizers  EEC 224 – Terahertz and mmWave Integrated Circuit Design [RF, Circ, Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC132A; EEC 112; or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Fundamental theory of RF transmitter and receiver, including noise analysis, transceiver architectures, and antenna arrays. Fundamental limitations, theory and design of amplifiers, oscillators and signal sources at THz and mmwave frequencies.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Introduction
A. THz and mmwave applications
B. Highspeed Integrated circuits technologies
C. Review of active devices such as smallsignal model and frequency response
II. System and Device Specifications
A. Effect of nonlinearity in transceivers such as gain compression and blocking
B. Noise probabilistic definitions and modeling in circuit analysis
C. Noise source correlations and its effect in mmwave and THz systems
D. Noise sources in CMOS transistor
E. Noise figure and dynamic range definitions and analysis
F. Transmitter and receiver architectures used in THz and mmwave systems
G. Phased array systems
H. Design challenges and fundamental limitations of passive components for mmwave and THz systems
III. Signal Amplification
A. Mason’s invariant function
B. Maximum oscillation frequency (fmax)
C. Power gain definitions and relations
D. Power gain limits of active devices
E. Device unilateralization and gainboosting techniques
F. Tuned amplifier design
G. Noise figure and power gain calculations in tuned amplifiers
IV. Signal Generation
A. Oscillation mechanisms and theory in selfsustained oscillators
B. Signal swing analysis in resonatorbased oscillators
C. Oscillator design for frequencies close to fmax
D. Harmonic oscillators for mmwave and THz signal generation
E. Voltage controlled oscillators and the design challenges at high frequencies
F. Frequency multipliers for mmwave and THz signal generation  EEC 228 – Advanced Microwave And Antenna Design Techniques [RF, Circ]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 132B or EEC 131B
Catalog Description: Theory, design, fabrication, analysis of advanced microwave devices, antennas. Includes wideband transformers, tapered networks, stripline and microstripline broadband couplers and hybrids. Lumped and distributed filter synthesis. Broadband matching theory applied to microwave devices. FET amplifiers. Antenna design, analysis of horns, microstrip, log periodic, arrays, spirals, and reflectors.
Expanded Course Description:
This course emphasizes advanced design techniques for both passive and active microwave devices such as wideband and low noise microwave amplifiers employing GaAs FETs and HEMTs. The course will discuss synthesis techniques for multielement and cascade distributed structures. This will involve synthesis of distributed filters, transformers and couplers employing computer oriented design and fabrication in microstrip media. Tolerance analysis will be performed including the perturbations resulting from measurement errors. The analysis and design of 90′ and 180′ hybrids will be performed. Additional topics will include advanced matching network synthesis for broadband and low noise figure RF/Microwave design employing computer oriented optimization techniques. All designs will be fabricated and tested on state of the art RF measurement equipment. Sensitivity studies will be performed. A study will be performed of the analysis and design of a variety of classes of antennas. This will include a study of the Kirchoff diffraction integral formulation to provide a basis for design of Eplane, Hplane and Pyramidal horn and reflector antennas. Computer oriented design techniques will be performed as an integral part of the design of horn antennas. Measurements of antenna patterns and gain will be performed in the anechoic chamber and on the outside antenna range. Techniques to realize broadband antenna performance will be undertaken. This will include the study of theory of log periodicdipole arrays and equiangular spirals employing modal analysis techniques. Antenna design realizations will be performed in both lumped element form and on teflon fiberglass.  EEC 230 – Electromagnetics [RF, Circ]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 130B
Catalog Description: Maxwell’s equations, plane waves, reflection and refraction, complex waves, waveguides, resonant cavities, and basic antennas.
Expanded Course Description:
To impart a rigorous understanding of plane wave and guided wave propagation and manipulation. To provide thorough preparedness for applications of electromagnetics to devices in microwaves, lasers and other high frequency devices.
I. Maxwell’s EquationsTime Varying FieldsConservation Laws
A. Faraday’s Law, Displacement Current, Maxwell’s Equation
B. Plane Waves, Energy Density, Poynting Theorem
C. Boundary Conditions for Fields
D. Vector and Scalar Potentials
II. Plane Wave Propagation and Reflection
A. Polarization
B. Waves in Lossy Media
C. Reflection and Refraction at a plane interface
D. Waves in Layered Media
III. Complex Nonuniform Waves
A. Complex Wave Classification
B. Backward and Forward Leaky Waves
C. Trapped Surface Waves
D. Zenneck Waves, Plasmons
IV. Waveguides and Resonant Cavities
A. General Formulation
B. Group and Energy Velocities
C. Rectangular Waveguides
D. Circular Metal and Dielectric Waveguides
E. Resonant Cavities
V. Radiation
A. Retarded Potentials
B. Linear Antennas
C. Antenna Arrays  EEC 231A – Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion [RF, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing in Engineering; consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Equilibrium plasma properties; single particle motion; fluid equations; waves and instabilities in a fluid plasma; plasma kinetic theory and transport coefficients; linear and nonlinear Vlasov theory; fluctuations, correlations and radiation; inertial and magnetic confinement systems in controlled fusion.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Plasma physics applications
II. Particle motion in electromagnetic field; adiabatic invariants
III. Fluid equations and diamagnetic drifts
IV. Debye shielding; plasma sheaths
V. Maxwell’s equations in the plasma; the equivalent dielectric tensor
VI. Waves in cold and warm plasmas: CMA diagram; phase velocity surfaces; polarization and particle orbits; Fredericks and Stringer diagrams for lowfrequency waves
VII. Electromagnetic waves: ordinary and extraordinary waves, AppletonHartree formula, microwave diagnostics. Alfven waves whistlers, e.m., cyclotron waves
VIII. Electrostatic waves: BohmGross waves, ion acoustic waves. twoion hybrid waves, ion cyclotron waves
IX. Wave packets and group velocity in anisotropic media; resonance cones
X. Diffusion in partially ionized gases
XI. Resistivity and diffusion in fully ionized gases; magnetic viscosity
XII. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) theory
XIII. Singlefluid equations
XIV. Kinetic theory; Vlasov equation and Landau damping
XV. Basic types of instabilities  EEC 231B – Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion [RF, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 231A; consent of instructor.
Catalog Description: Equilibrium plasma properties; single particle motion; fluid equations; waves and instabilities in a fluid plasma; plasma kinetic theory and transport coefficients; linear and nonlinear Vlasov theory; fluctuations, correlations and radiation; inertial and magnetic confinement systems in controlled fusion.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Waves in hot plasmas: General hot plasma dispersion, Bernstein modes. cyclotron harmonics, Landau and cyclotron damping
II. Damping and excitation of waves: resistivity. viscosity, neutral collisions, resonant particles; grids, coils
III. Waves in bounded plasmas; TrivelpieceGould modes
IV. Accessibility and tunneling
V. R. F. heating of plasmas
VI. TonksDattner resonances
VII. Beamplasma interactions; convective and absolute instabilities
VIII. Streaming instabilities; Penrose criterion; currentdriven instabilities
IX. Energy and momentum of waves; positive and negative energy waves
X. Quailinear diffusions
XI. Echoes  EEC 231C – Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion [RF, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 231B; consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Equilibrium plasma properties; single particle motion; fluid equations; waves and instabilities in a fluid plasma; plasma kinetic theory and transport coefficients; linear and nonlinear Vlasov theory; fluctuations, correlations and radiation; inertial and magnetic confinement systems in controlled fusion.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Neoclassical diffusion
II. Equilibrium and stability
III. MHD equilibrium
IV. Hydromagnetic equilibrium in confinement geometries
V. Tokamak equilibrium, safety factor, GradShafranov shift
VI. RayleighTaylor instability, interchange instability
VII. MHS stability; energy principle
VIII. Tokamak stability
IX. Tearing modes’ magnetic reconnection
X. Sawtooth instability
XI. Drift waves
XII. Thomson scattering; collective scattering
XIII. Parametric instabilities
XIV. Stimulated scattering
XV. Laser fusion  EEC 232A – Advanced Applied Electromagnetics I [RF]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 131B or EEC 132B
Catalog Description: The exact formulation of applied electromagnetic problems using Green’s functions. Applications of these techniques to transmission circuits. (Offered in even years)
Expanded Course Description:
I. Basic Fundamentals of Electromagnetic Theory
II. Tensor Properties, Green’s Dyadic
A. Green’s Functions
B. Modified Green’s Functions
C. Green’s Dyadic Function
D. Modified Dyadic Green’s Function
III. Two Dimensional Planar Components
A. Basic concepts
B. Green’s Functions for Two Dimensional Components
C. Techniques for Evaluation of Green’s Functions
D. Green’s Functions for Various Configurations
E. Segmentation and Desegmentation
IV. QuasiStatic Analysis of Microstrip
A. Integral Equation Method
B. Variational Method in Fourier Transform Domain (FTD)
C. Microstrip Dispertion Models
V. Methods of Fullwave Analysis
A. Analysis of Open Microstrip
B. Galerkin’s Method in FTD
C. Analysis of Enclosed Microstrip
D. Integral Equation Method
VI. Microstrip Discontinuities
A. Discontinuity Capacitance Evaluation
B. Variational Method
1. Green’s Function Formulation
a. Electric Wall Green’s Function
b. Magnetic Wall Green’s Function
2. Green’s Function Formulation for SemiInfinite Line Source  EEC 232B – Advanced Applied Electromagnetics II [RF]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 131B or EEC 132B
Catalog Description: An advanced treatment of electromagnetics with applications to passive microwave devices and antennas.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Fundamental Concepts
A. Basic equations
B. The generalized current concept
C. Singularities of the field
II. Waves
A. Intrinsic wave constants
B. Radiation
C. Antenna concepts
D. On waves in general
III. Some Theorems and Concepts
A. The source concept
B. Duality
C. Image theory
D. The equivalence principle
E. The Induction Theorem
F. Reciprocity
G. Green’s Functions
H. Construction of solutions
IV. Plane Wave Functions
A. Alternative mode sets
B. Partially filled waveguides
C. Modal expansions of fields
D. Currents in waveguides
E. Apertures in ground planes
F. Plane current sheets
V. Cylindrical Wave Functions
A. Radial waveguides
B. Circular cavity
C. Other guided waves
D. Sources of cylindrical waves
E. Two dimensional radiation
F. Wave transformations
G. Scattering
VI. Spherical Wave Functions
A. Sources of spherical waves
B. Wave transformations
C. Scattering by spheres
VII. Planar circuits
A. Analysis of planar circuits having single shapes
1. Basic equations
2. Derivation of circuit characteristics
3. Examples of analysis based on Green’s Functions
4. Determination of equivalent circuit parameters
5. Energy considerations
6. Equivalent circuit of a multipart planar circuit
B. Analysis of planar circuits having arbitrary shapes
1. Basic formulation of the ContourIntegral Method  EEC 233 – High Speed Signal Integrity [RF]

Units: 4 units (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 130B
Catalog Description: Design and analysis of interconnects in highspeed circuits and subsystems; understanding of highspeed signal propagation and signal integrity concepts; electromagnetic modeling tools and experimental techniques.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Overview of Interconnect Design and Digital Systems Engineering
II. Analysis of Interconnects
1. Electrical Models of Interconnects
2. Nonideal Interconnect Issues
3. Connectors, Packages, and Vias
III. Frequency and TimeDomain Measurements and Modeling Tools
1. Definition of MixedMode Sparameters
2. Multiport MixedMode Sparameter Measurements
3. TimeDomain Reflectometry
4. Electromagnetic Simulators
IV. Noise in Digital Systems
1. Power Supply Noise
2. Crosstalk (NEXT and FEXT)
3. Intersymbol Interference
4. Timing, Skew, and Jitter
V. Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
1. Physical Mechanisms of Radiation
2. EMI Suppression Techniques  EEC 234A – Physics and Technology of Microwave Vacuum Electron Beam Devices I [RF, Circ, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: B.S. degree in physics or engineering or the equivalent background or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Physics and technology of electron beam emission, flow and transport, electron gun design, space charge waves and klystrons with applications to accelerator systems, RF power sources for radar and communication systems, thermionic energy conversion, and electric space propulsion. Recent advances in materials and manufacturing technologies are also reviewed.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Definition and Classification of Microwave Vacuum Electron Devices, VED Applications
2. Relativistic Lorentz Force Equation, Busch’s Theorem, Motion in a Uniform Magnetic Field, Motion in Crossed Electric and Magnetic Fields, Magnetron CutOff Condition
3. Space charge Interactions Between Electrons, The Effect of the SelfMagnetic Field Included in the Lorentz Force Equation
4. Space Charge Limited Flow with No Thermal Velocities, Between Parallel Plates – Child’s Law, Between Concentric Cylinders – Kirstein Flows, Between Concentric Spheres
5. Application to Electron Gun Design
6. Space Charge Flow Between Parallel Plates with Thermal Velocities, Space Charge Limited Operation
7. Cathodes, Richardson – Dushman Equation, Schottky Effect, Field Emission; the Fowler Nordheim Equation
8. Cathode Types, Oxide Coated Cathode, Thoriated Tungsten Cathode, Dispenser Cathodes (“L” Cathode, Phillips “A” Cathode, Phillips “B” Cathode, “M” Cathode, Mixed Metal Matrix Cathode, Scandate Cathode)
9. Paraxial Beams
10. Electron Lenses, Thin Weak Lens Approximation,
11. Solving the Paraxial Ray Equation – Cold Beams, Laminar Flow Equation, Brillouin Flow, Confined Flow, Periodic Permanent Magnet Focusing, λp/L, Universal Beam Spread Curve
12. Thermal Paraxial Beams
13. Electron Gun Design
14. Depressed Collectors
15. Klystron History and applications
16. Kinematic and space charge theory
17. Cavity physics and design
18. Klystron manufacture, processing and testing, recent advances
19. Simulations
20. Design examples
21. Multibeam and sheetbeam klystrons  EEC 234B – Physics and Technology of Microwave Vacuum Electron Beam Devices II [RF, Circ, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisite: Course EEC234A or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Theory, modeling, and experimental design of traveling wave tubes, backward wave oscillators, and extended interaction oscillators employed in satellite commutations, plasma imaging, and underground imaging systems.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Introduction and Physical Mechanisms of TWT Operation
2. Pierce Theory; Interaction with Helices and other Uniform Transmission Lines
3. Derivation of the TWT Dispersion Relation, Pierce Parameters, Analytic Solution of the Determinental Equation, Numerical Solution of the Determinental Equation
4. Launching and Space charge loss, Severs
5. Estimating Interaction Efficiency
6. Saturation and Large Signal Effects, Tien disc mode, Hess’ compressible block model, Cutler’s and Dimonte’s basic experimental saturation studies
7. Helix and helixderived circuits, dispersion modeling and shaping, Single tape helix, Stub supported ring and bar circuit, Bifilar or double tape helix, Ring and bar circuit, Crosswound or contrawound helix, and Gapstrapped bifilar helix
8. Representative helix TWTs
9. Coupled Cavity TWT circuits, equivalent circuits, slot and cavity modes, loss beads, ferrules
10. Representative Coupled cavity TWTs
11. Computer simulation and design
12. Backward wave oscillators
13. Extended interaction oscillators  EEC 234C – Physics and Technology of Microwave Vacuum Electron Beam Devices III [RF, Circ, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Course EEC234B or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Physics and technology of gyrotrons, gyroamplifiers, free electron lasers, magnetrons, crossfield amplifiers, and relativistic devices employed in plasma fusion reactors, microwave heating, and high power microwave applications
Expanded Course Description:
1. Magnetron history and physical principles
2. Basic Physics of Crossed Field Devices, Hull Cutoff, BunemanHartree condition
3. Linear magnetron
4. Radial magnetron geometries; conventional radial magnetron configuration; cathode is at the center; magnetron in doublestrapped configuration for pi mode operation, risingsun magnetron, and coaxial magnetron, inverted magnetron
5. Crossed Field Amplifiers; Continuous cathode emittingsole CFA, forward or backward wave; Injectedbeam CFA
6. Current CFA Tubes
7. MCarcinotron Oscillators
8. Gyrotron (Electron Cyclotron Maser) overview and applications
9. Quantum Mechanical Approach
10. Small Signal Kinetic Treatment
11. Nonlinear Effects and Saturation
12. Simple Efficiency Estimates, Single Particle Efficiency, Bunching Estimates
13. Nonlinear Particle Equations
14. Full Numerical Calculations
15. Early Gyrotron Studies
16. Gyrotron Electron Beam Formation
17. Gyrotron Cavities
18. Gyrotron Oscillators
19. NonAxis Encircling Devices
20. Large Orbit, AxisEncircling Devices
21. GyroTWTs
22. GyroKlystrons
23. GyroBWOs
24. Cyclotron Autoresonance Maser (CARM)
25. Free Electron Laser (FEL)
26. Peniotron  EEC 235 – Photonics [Pho, RF, PE, Circ]

Units: 4 units (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisites: EEC 230
Catalog Description: Optical propagation of electromagnetic waves and beams in photonic components and the design of such devices using numerical techniques.
Expanded Course Description:
The course focuses on the propagation of electromagnetic waves and beams in photonic components and the design of such devices using numerical techniques.
I. Optical Propagation of Planewaves in Stratified Media
A. Multilayered media.
B. Planar optical waveguides.
C. Periodic media.
D. Photonic bandgap structures.
II. Optical Propagation of Beams
A. Paraxial wave equation, Gaussian beam solutions.
B. The eikonal equations, ray tracing, ABCD matrices of linear media and optical elements.
C. Transformation of Gaussian beams by optical elements.
III. Practical Optical Waveguides
A. Rectangular waveguides – Wave equation and Effective index method
B. Radiation from waveguides
C. Optical fibers – single mode step index fibers, multimode step index fibers, graded index fibers, birefringent fibers
D. Dispersion and transmission capacity
IV. Coupled Mode Theory
A. Codirectional couplers
B. Contradirectional couplers
C. Derivation of coupling coefficients
V. Numerical Methods
A. Fast Fourier Transform Beam Propagation Method
i. Pulse propagation in fibers
ii. Field propagation in waveguides
B. Finite Difference Beam Propagation Method
C. Staircase Concatenation Method
VI. Analysis and Design of Ligthwave Components
A. MachZehnder interferometer
B. Ring resonators
C. Fiber Bragg Gratings
D. N x N star coupler
E. Arrayedwaveguide Grating
F. Add/drop multiplexer
G. N x N matrix switch  EEC 236 – Nonlinear Optical Applications [Pho, PE, Info]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 130B or equivalent; EEC 230 recommended
Catalog Description: Nonlinear optical interactions have important applications in optical information processing, telecommunications and integrated optics. The basic concepts underlying optical nonlinear interactions in materials and in guided media are presented. (Offered in alternate years) (Not open to credit for those students who have taken course EEC233.)
Expanded Course Description:
One of two courses to provide the required background for graduate students interested in optoelectronics. This course will concentrate on nonlinear phenomena caused by optical radiation.
I. Wave Propagation in Anisotropic Media; Anisotropic Optical Elements
II. Nonlinear Optical Interactions
A. Nonlinear susceptibility of a classical anharmonic oscillator
B. Wave equation for nonlinear optics
C. Properties of nonlinear susceptibility tensors
III. Sum and DifferenceFrequency Interactions
A. Coupled wave equations
B. Sumfrequency generation
C. Differencefrequency generation and parametric amplification
D. Secondharmonic generation
E. Phase matching
F. Nonlinear optical interactions with Gaussian beams
IV. Nonlinear Processes in Fibers
A. Selfphase modulation
B. Nonlinear Schroedinger Equation
C. Optical soliton
V. ElectroOptic Effects
VI. Photorefractive Effects  EEC 237A – Lasers [Pho, PE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisite: EEC 130B or equivalent; EEC 235
Course Description: Theoretical and practical description of lasers. Theory of population inversion, amplification and oscillation using semiclassical oscillator model and rate equations. Description and design of real laser systems.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Atomic Transitions
A. Classical oscillator model
B. Stimulated emission
II. Complex Atomic Susceptibility
A. Dipole transitions, transition strength
B. Dephasing, decay rate
III. Rate Equations for Ensemble of Atoms
A. Stimulated transition rates, cross sections
B. Nonradiative relaxation
C. Linewidth for homogeneous ensemble
D. Two, three and four level systems
E. Pumping
IV. Laser Amplification
A. Small signal gain
B. Homogeneous saturation
C. Phase effects of gain
D. Inhomogeneous systemshole burning
V. Optical Resonators
A. Review of basic resonator theory
B. Three and N mirror cavities
C. Mode frequencies
VI. Laser Oscillation
A. Threshold condition
B. Oscillation frequencyfrequency pulling
C. Output poweroptimization of output coupling
D. Large gain output coupling
VII. Real Laser Systems
A. Solid state (crystal and glass) lasers
B. Dye and color center lasers
C. Gas lasers
D. Simplified description of semiconductor lasers
VIII. Oscillation Dynamics in Lasers
A. Coupled cavity and atomic rate equations
B. Laser spiking, relaxation oscillations
C. Q switchingactive and passive
D. CW mode competitionspatial hole burning  EEC 237B – Advanced Lasers [Pho, PE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisite: EEC 237A
Catalog Description: Quantum mechanical description of lasers and interactions of materials with laser light. Relationship to rate equation approach. Optical Bloch equations and coherent effects. Theory and practice of active and passive modelocking of lasers. Injection locking.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Quantum Mechanics
A. Schroedinger wave equation and timedependent perturbations
B. Fermi’s Golden Rule
C. Density matrix formalismdecay rates and dephasing
D. Stimulated transitions
E. Origins of second and thirdorder nonlinear susceptibility
F. Two photon absorption and Raman effect
II. Coherently Driven Oscillators
A. Adiabatic elimination of polarizationrate equations and their validity
B. Strong signal behavior
C. Rabi frequency
D. Optical Bloch equations
III. Coherent Effects in Interaction of Light with Matter
A. Coherent transients
B. Selfinduced transparency, pulse area theorem, 0p pulses
C. Photon echoes
D. Optical Stark effect
E. Magnetic dipole transitions
IV. Active ModeLocking of Lasers
A. Time and frequency domain analysis
B. AM and FM modelocking
C. Practical methods of gain and loss modulation
D. Complete and partial locking
V. Passive ModeLocking of Lasers
A. Saturable absorbers and pulse shortening
B. Slow and fast absorbers
C. Other methods of effective instantaneous loss modulation
D. Ultrashort pulse systems
VI. Laser Injection Locking
A. Basic analysis of injection
B. Locked oscillator regime
C. Pulsed injection locking  EEC 238 – Semiconductor Diode Lasers [Pho, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisite: EEC 245A
Catalog Description: Understanding of fundamental optical transitions in semiconductors and quantumconfined systems are applied to diode lasers and selected photonic devices. The importance of radiative and nonradiative recombination, simulated emission, excitons in quantum wells, and strained quantum layers are considered.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Interband Transitions and Elementary Excitations
1. Linear optical absorption, refractive index
2. Excitons
3. Impurity level transitions
4. Freecarrier absorption
II. Perturbation of Physical Properties
1. Pressure – band edge shift and selection rules
2. Electric fields: Quantum confined Stark effect
3. FranzKeldysh effect
III. HighDensity Excitation, Optical Amplifiers
1. Stimulated emission, optical gain
2. Bandgap renormalization
IV. Semiconductor Lasers and LEDs
1. Carrier confinement
2. Photon confinement
3. Double Heterostructure
4. VCSELs
5. DFB, DBR lasers
V. Laser Properties
1. Threshold
2. Relaxation Resonance
3. Efficiency and Heat flow
4. Gain and Index dynamics
5. Pulse propagation  EEC 239A – Optical Communication Technologies for HighSpeed Data Networking [Pho, Circ, Info]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 130B
Catalog Description: Physical layer issues for component and system technologies in optical fiber networks. Sources of physical layer impairments and limitations in network scalability. Enabling technologies for wavelengthdivisionmultiplexing and timedivisionmultiplexing networks. Optical amplifiers and their impact in optical networks (signaltonoise ratio, gainequalization, and cascadability). Note: Students previously enrolled in course EEC239 may not receive credit for this course.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Motivation
A. Optical layer and relationship to classical layer models
B. Classification of network types, definition of transparency
C. Optical media access techniques (TDM, WDM)
II. Optical Network Model
A. Basic optical network structure
B. Network elements designed
C. Required functionality of Optical Network Elements
III. Enabling Technologies
A. Optoelectronic transmitters and receivers
B. Review of digital transmitter and receiver design and function
C. Optical sources, optical modulators, optical filters, switches and wavelength routers
D. Optical amplifiers
E. Wavelength converters (optoelectronic and alloptical)
IV.
A. Optical fiber bandwidth and dispersion
B. Optical nonlinearities, optical crosstalk
C. Dynamic range limitations, dynamic effects
D. Short pulse transmission
E. Pointtopoint transmission analysis
F. Physical link model
G. TDM and WDM performance evaluation
H. Effect of cascaded network elements
I. Physical Layer Impairments  EEC 239B – HighCapacity Optical Data Systems and Networks [Pho, Circ, Info]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 239A
Catalog Description: Physical layer optical communications systems in network architectures and protocols. Optical systems design and integration using optical component technologies. Comparison of wavelength routed WDM, TDM, and NGI systems and networks. Case studies of next generation technologies. Note: Students previously enrolled in course EEC239 may not receive credit for this course.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Motivation
A. First Generation, Second Generation and Third Generation Optical Networks
B. Optical Packet Switching and Next Generation Optical Internet
C. Integration of Optical and Data Networking
D. The Role of Networking Elements
II. Wavelength Routed Networks
A. Relation between User and Network Bandwidth
B. WDM Node Design
C. Number of Wavelengths Needed to Support, Wavelength Conversion
D. Wavelength Registration and Other Requirements for Wavelength Routed Networks
III. Time Division Multiplexed Networks
A. Relation Between User and Network Bandwidth
B. TDM Mode Design
C. Synchronization and Other Requirements for TDM
IV. Next Generation Optical Internet
A. Connectionoriented vs. Connectionless Optical Networks
B. NGI Node Design
C. Requirements for NGI Nodes
V. Advanced Enabling Technologies for Next Generation Networks
A. Rapidly Tunable Wavelength Converters
B. Subcarrier Transmitters and Receivers
C. OpticalLabel Swapping
D. Raman Amplifiers
VI. Case Studies
A. OpticalNetworking Testbeds
B. Future Optical Networks and the Next Generation Internet
C. Multiprotocol Label Switching and OpticalLabel Switching  EEC 240 – Semiconductor Devices [PE, Circ]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 140B
Catalog Description: Physical principles, characteristics and models of various semiconductor devices including: PN junction and metalinsulatorsemiconductor diodes, junction and insulated gated field effect transistors.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Unipolar Devices
A. MetalInsulatorSemiconductor Diodes
1. Introduction
2. Ideal MetalInsulatorSemiconductor (MIS) Diode
3. Surface States, Surface Charges, and Space Charges
4. Effect of Metal Work Function, Crystal Orientation,Temperature, Illumination, and Radiation on MIS Characteristics.
B. Insulated Gate Field Effect Transistors
1. Introduction
2. SurfaceSpaceCharge Region Under Nonequilibrium Condition
3. Channel Conductance
4. Basic Device Characteristics
5. Device Models
6. Floating Gate Devices
C. MetalSemiconductor Diodes
1. Introduction
2. Schottky Effect
3. Energy Band Relation at MetalSemiconductor Contact
4. Current Transport Theory in Schottky Barriers
5. Measurement of Schottky Barrier Height
D. MetalSemiconductor Field Effect Transistors
E. Junction Field Effect Devices
II. Bipolar Devices
A. PN Junctions
1. Basic device theory
2. CurrentVoltage Characteristics
3. CapacitanceVoltage relationships
4. Terminal Functions
B. Bipolar Transistors
1. Introduction
2. Basic Device Theory
3. CurrentVoltage Characteristics
4. Drift assisted Transport.
5. Device Models including EbersMoll and GummelPoon
III. Photonic Devices
A. LightEmitting Diode
B. Photovoltaics and Solar Cells
C. Optical Photodetectors  EEC 241  Introduction to Molecular Electronics [PE, Circ]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Examines molecules for electronic devices and sensors. Course covers: electronic states of molecules, charge transport in nanoscale systems, and fabrication and measurement of molecularscale devices. Specific Topics: HartreeFock and Density Functional Theory, Landauer formalism, coulomb blockade, tunneling and hopping transport.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Electronic states of molecules. Beginning with a review of Quantum Mechanics we will examine the development atomic orbitals and discuss early approaches to describing the electronic states and wavefunctions in molecules such as Linear Combination of Atomic Orbitals and extended Huckel Theory. This will lead to a discussion of modern ab initio methods including HartreeFock and Density Functional Theory.
2. Charge Transport in Nanoscale systems. After learning how to describe the electronic states of molecular systems, we will develop methods for describing charge transport in these systems. After reviewing Density of States and the coupling of 3D systems to 1D or 0D systems we will begin describing charge transport. This will include timedependent perturbation theory and the development of Fermi’s Golden Rule, Marcus Theory, and Landauer’s Formula. Once these basics are covered we will use them in describing specific nanoscale transport phenomena such as superexchange, coulomb blockade, and hopping mechanisms.
3. Fabrication of Devices and Applications. Once the principles of molecularscale systems are understood we will discuss how to fabricate these devices and describe several example molecular devices including transistors, diodes, and wires.  EEC 242 – Advanced Nanostructured Devices [PE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 130A, EEC140A
Catalog Description: Physics of nanostructured materials and device operation. Overview of new devices enabled by nanotechnology; fabrication and characterization methods; applications of nanostructures and devices.
Expanded Course Description:
Nanoscale engineering is a fundamental skill needed for future generations of technologists to understand the world they will face. This course will review from a device perspective the current and foreseen advances in this field.
This course provides students with an overview of the field of nanodevices. It is designed to give students an understanding of the driving forces toward nanoscale in the technology of devices and systems, the advantages and implications of scaling down devices, the commercial impact, etc. Students will gain familiarity with advanced techniques needed to develop, characterize and verify nanoscale devices: materials, fabrication and device operation. Students will be introduced to methods of manufacturing nanoscale devices and systems – standard techniques as well as novel ones.
Students will be able to appreciate and explain the effects of nanoscale sizes in devices; understand manufacturing technologies at the nanoscale level, their advantages and challenges; identify opportunities for nanoscaling devices; discuss specific nanoscale devices such as sensors or FET’s made of nanotubes or nanowires, and explore possible novel applications.
1. Introduction to Nanotechnology – Moore’s Law
2. Physics of the Low Dimensional Materials, Quantization, Lateral Confinements (Quantum Electronics)
3. Properties of Individual Nanoparticles
4. Ensembles of Nanostructured Materials, Self Assembly
5. Quantum Wells, Wires and Dots, Surface Effects, Transport Characteristics
6. Nanoscale Optical Devices (Nanoemitter, Nanodetectors, Nanoscale Light Guides, etc.)
7. Carbon Nanostructures (Carbon Based Fullerenes and Nanotubes)  EEC 243 – Optical Imaging and Microscopy [Pho, PE, Bio, Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: PHY009B required; EEC130AB recommended
Catalog Description: Theory and techniques of optical imaging and microscopy. Fourier optics; light propagation and light detection; imaging contrast mechanisms; optical and microscopy techniques.
Expanded Course Description:
This course discusses the theory and techniques of optical imaging and microscopy. It intends to provide an indepth understanding of optical imaging mechanisms, design theories and implementation techniques. The course is divided into two parts. The first part is centered on Fourier optics and discusses light propagation and light detection. The second part is dedicated to various optical and microscopy techniques, in particular, to contrast mechanisms and to the repertoire of tricks.
I. Fourier optics, light propagation and light detection
A. Review of Fourier analysis, linear system, and geometric optics
B. Monochromatic field propagation
C. Waveoptics analysis of coherent optical systems
D. Intensity propagation
E. 3D imaging
F. Detector noise
G. Scattering and absorption
H. Phase contrast
II. Optical and microscopy techniques
A. Digital holography
B. Optical coherent tomography
C. Fluorescence
D. Confocal microscopy
E. Twophoton micorscopy
F. Coherent nonlinear microscopy
G. Structured illumination microscopy
H. Point spread function and transfer function engineering
I. Superresolution
J. Light field imaging and microscopy  EEC 244A – Design Of Microelectromechanical Systems (Mems) [PE, Bio]

Units: 3 units (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 140A, EEC 140B or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Theory and practice of MEMS design. Micromechanical fundamentals, CAD tools, case studies. A MEMS design project is required. The designs will be fabricated in a commercial foundry and tested in course EEC244B. (Offered in alternate years)
Expanded Course Description:
During the course, the students will design and lay out their own MEMS. The weekly computerlab sessions and most of the homework will be related to the design project. An important part of the design is a detailed test plan. After the completion of the course the designs will be fabricated in a commercial foundry. In the second course in the series (EEC 244B) the students carry out a thorough characterization of the fabricated devices.
I. Introduction to MEMS
A. Bulk micromachining, isotropic and anisotropic etch
B. Surface micromachining using sacrificial layers
C. Mechanical Analysis
D. Role of friction and adhesion in MEMS
II. Introduction to computer aided design
A. Basics of layout tool
B. Design rules
C. FiniteElementsMethods for mechanical analysis
III. MEMS design
A. Efficient design approaches for parallel processing
B. Use of test structures
C. Reliability issues in MEMS
D. Packaging of MEMS
IV. MEMS interfaces
A. Capacitive, piezoresitive, piezoelectric and optical interfaces
B. Effect of noise and environmental influences on interface characteristics
V. Case studies
A. Pressure sensors
B. Accelerometers
C. Micromachined display
D. MEMS/IC integration
VI. Design Project  EEC 244B – Design Of Microelectromechanical Systems (Mems) [PE, Bio]

Units: 3 (3 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 244A
Catalog Description: Testing of surface micromachined MEMS devices including postprocessing, design of test fixtures and test methodology, measurements, and data analysis. (Offered in alternate years)
Expanded Course Description:
Students will be testing devices of their own design. The devices were designed as a part of EEC 224A – DESIGN OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS (MEMS), and have been fabricated in a commercial foundry.
The course work will include:
I. Postprocessing of fabricated structures including release etch, drying and assembly.
II. Design of device packaging, test fixtures and measurement methodology.
III. Characterization of fabricated devices.
IV. Data analysis and final report.  EEC 245  Micro and NanoTechnology in Life Sciences [Bio, PE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture/Discussion)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Survey of biodevice design from engineering and biological perspectives; micro/nanofabrication techniques; surface science and mass transport; essential biological processes and models; proposal development skills on merging aforementioned themes.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Micro and NanoManufacturing. We will examine key micro and nanofabrication techniques and discuss relevant processing and characterization instruments. There will be a special emphasis on the challenges and design considerations in process development.
2. Surface Science and Mass Transfer. We will review techniques to engineer advanced surfaces by modulating morphology and chemistry. In addition, we will discuss 3D morphology and its implications on molecular transport within and from functional device coatings.
3. Essential Biology. Following an introduction to basic anatomy, physiology, and pathology, we will study how living organisms interact with inorganic devices. We will emphasize the ways tissues respond to biomedical devices and how this response can be tuned by modulating device properties.
4. We will survey important device components such as biosensors and actuators that are built using the tools discussed in Sections 1 and 2 with a special emphasis towards addressing the biological requirements/constraints outlined in Section 3.
5. The fundamental knowledge acquired up to this point will be put in context by deconstructing existing and developing technologies. Examples will include bioimplantable devices for treating medical disorders. Additional examples will be discussed in accordance with the interests of the class.  EEC 246 – Advanced Projects In Ic Fabrication [PE]

Units: 4 (1 Discussion/6 Laboratory)
Prerequisites: EEC 146B
Catalog Description: Individualized projects in the fabrication of analog or digital integrated circuits.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Review of Technologies Available for Use in IC Lab and Definition of Term Project
II. Design of Circuit
III. Breadboard Testing
IV. Computer Aided Layout
V. Fabrication
VI. Testing  EEC 247 – Advanced Semiconductor Devices [PE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisite: Graduate Standing in Engineering
Catalog Description: Semiconductor devices, including MOSFETs, heterojunction transistors, lightemitting diodes, lasers, sensors, detectors, power and highvoltage transistors, MEMS resonators, organic semiconductors and photovoltaics. All material is from the recent literature, encouraging students to utilize search methods and critically assess the latest research.
Expanded Course Description:
To provide a thorough understanding of the current frontiers in semiconductor device research, and the challenges they pose. Intended to complement the theory presented in EEC240, 241, 242, 243 and 238.
1. Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) Devices (5 lectures)
A. National Technology Roadmap directives
B. sub100nm MOS challenges
C. FinFETs and threedimensional devices
2. MicrowaveFrequency Transistors (4 lectures)
A. MODFET
B. Heterojunction bipolar structures
C. Active Si microwave transistors
3. Optoelectronic Semiconductor Devices (5 lectures)
A. VCSEL and other laser arrays
B. New heterojunction LED types
C. Photodetectors
D. Optical switches and amplifiers
E. Active nanocrystal devices
4. Sensors and Detectors (4 lectures)
A. CCD array technology
B. Gas sensors
C. ChemFET techniques
D. Highfrequency avalanche detectors
E. Lownoise techniques
5. Power and HighVoltage Devices (4 lectures)
A. Solidstate thyristors and power switches
B. Insulatedgate HBT devices
C. Bipolar power methods
D. Integrated power circuits
6. Active and Passive MEMS Devices (4 Lectures)
A. Pressure sensors
B. Microfluidic devices
C. tunable passive resonators
D. Accelerometers
E. Micromirror and optical mechanical arrays
7. Other Semiconductor Device Types (4 Lectures)
A. Organic semiconductors
B. Solidstate lighting devices
C. Solar cells and photovoltaics  EEC 248 – Photovoltaics and Solar Cells [PE, Pho]

Units: 3
Prerequisites: EEC 140B or equivalent, or permission of instructor
Catalog Description: Physics and application of first, second, and thirdgeneration photovoltaics and solar cells, including design, fabrication technology, and grid incorporation. Mono and microcrystalline silicon devices; thinfilm technologies, heterojunction and organicsemiconductor technologies. Collectors, electrical inverters and infrastructure issues. Economics, policial and commercial challenges, and environmental and aesthetic concerns.
Expanded Course Description:
I. Basic pn junction physics of photovoltaics
A. Device operation and performance metrics
B. Properties of solar radiation
C. Design of practical Solar Cells
D. Efficiency limits in energy conversion
II. 1st, 2nd, and 3rdGeneration Solar Cells and “The Grid”
III. Silicon Monocrystalline PV devices
A. Fabrication methods for devices
B. Interconnect methods
C. Solar modules, design and fabrication
D. Loss mechanisms and mitigation strategies
IV. Microcrystalline Si, and effects of defects on PV
V. ThinFilm Solar Cells
A. alphaSi on glass
B. CdTe thin films
C. CIGS devices
VI. Heterojunction PV devices
VII. Multilayer, wavelengthselective strategies
VIII. Nonsolar PV usages and methods
IX. Organic semiconductors
X. Dyesensitized solar devices
XI. Light Management
A. Antireflection schemes
B. Concentrators and collectors
C. Confinement and photon recycling
D. Rotation and optics
XII. Economics of SolarCell acceptance
A. Payback and gridparity
B. Aesthetics and behavior
C. Incentives
D. Politics
E. Regulations
F. Utilities and business issues
XIII. Gridconnected photovoltaic systems
A. Inverters, efficiency, and phase issues
B. Energy demand and system load constraints
C. Environment and resource is
XIV. Environment and resource issues
XV. Electrical infrastructure and efficiency  EEC 249 – Nanofabrication [PE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: Graduate Standing in Engineering
Catalog Description: Theory and practices of nanofabrication for producting electronic devices, optoelectionics, sensors, MEMS, Nanostructures, Photonic Crystals, SingleElectron Transistors, Resonators, PhaseChange and Smart Materials. Study of electron, photon, and ionbeams and their interactions with solids. Characterization methods and physical limits are examined.
Expanded Course Description:
To provide a rigorous understanding of the theory of nanofabrication processes. Intended to complement the practical education provided by EEC146A/B and EEC246.
I. Energetic Sources from Electrons, Ions, and Photons (4 lectures)
A. Electron Sources, Optics, and Interactions
B. Ion Sources, Optics, and Interactions. Ion Implantation.
C. Photon Sources, XRays, Optics, and Interactions
II. Plasma Processes (5 lectures)
A. Vacuum Science
B. Plasma Basics, Chemistry, Glow
C. Isotropic and reactive ion etching
D. Ion milling, focused ion beam (FIB), ChemicallyAssisted ion beam etch
III. Sputter Deposition (4 lectures)
A. targets, substrates, and systems for deposition
B. Sputtering gas
C. Rates, sputter yields and uniformity
D. Comparison with other physical deposition technologies (e.g., evaporation, SOLGEL, etc.)
IV. Chemical Vapor Deposition (6 lectures)
A. CVD methods and systems
B. Epitaxy
C. VaporLiquidSolid (VLS) Growth
D. Depostioin of various materials (insulators, semiconductors, conductors)
E. Organometallic VPE and Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE)
V. Pattering (4 lectures)
A. Extreme UV Methods
B. EBeam and IonBeam Lithography
C. DirectWrite Methods
VI. Characterization Technology (4 lectures)
A. Imaging Microscopy, SEM and TEM
B. Analytical Microscopy (EDX, SNFOR)
C. Raman and FTIR
D. Rutherford Backscattering and Channeling
E. Auger and XPS
F. SIMS and SNMS
VII. Fundamental Limits to Feature Definition (3 Lectures)
A. Quantum Physical Limits
B. Materials Limits
C. Device, Circuit and System Limits  EEC 250 – Linear Systems And Signals [Info, Circ]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 150
Catalog Description: Mathematical description of systems, selected topics in linear algebra. Solution of the state equations and an analysis of stability, controllability, observability, realizations, state feedback and state estimation. Discretetime signals and system, and the Ztransform.
Expanded Course Description:
Mathematical Description of Systems
The InputOutput Description
The StateVariable Description
Frequency Domain Representation
Selected Topics in Linear Algebra
Representation and similarity transformation
Eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and Jordan form
Functions of a square matrix
Analysis of ContinuousTime Systems
Solutions of linear timeinvariant dynamic equations
Equivalent Systems
Controllability and Observability
State Feedback and State Estimation
State Feedback
State Estimators
Connections of State Feedback and State Estimators
Analysis of DiscreteTime Systems
Sampling of Continuoustime Signals
The Ztransform and its Inverse Transform
Introduction to the Stability Analysis  EEC 251 – Nonlinear Systems [Info, Circ, Bio]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 250
Catalog Description: Nonlinear differential equations, secondorder systems, approximation methods, Lyapunov stability, absolute stability, Popov criterion, circle criterion, feedback linearization techniques.
Expanded Course Description:
Basic analysis techniques for nonlinear systems.
Normed Linear Vector Spaces; Inner Product Spaces
Convergence
Cauchy sequences, Banach spaces, Hilbert spaces
Continuity
Existence and Uniqueness of Solutions
Contraction mapping theorem
Lipschitz condition
BellmanGronwall Lemma
Small gain theorem
Nonlinear Differential Equations
Autonomy
Equilibrium points
SecondOrder Systems
Phase plane portrait
Limit cycles
Bendixson’s theorem
PoincaréBendixson theorem
Index theory
Approximation Methods
KrylovBaguliubov method
Describing functions technique, optimal quasilinear
Lyapunov Stability
Stable, uniformly stable, attractive, asymptotically stable, globally asymptotically stable equilibrium point
Class K functions, positive definite functions, decrescent functions, radially unbounded functions
Derivative along trajectories
Lyapunov’s direct method
Invariant set theorems; La Salle’s theorem
Instability theorems
Lyapunov stability of linear, timeinvariant systems
Lyapunov’s linearization method
Krasovskii’s method
The Luré Problem (Absolute Stability)
Positive real transfer functions
KalmanYacubovich Lemma
Aizerman’s conjecture; Kalman’s conjecture
Circle criterion
Popov criterion
Feedback linearization
Vector fields, forms
Diffeomorphisms
Inverse function theorem; Implicit function theorem
Lie derivative; Lie bracket
Complete integrability; involutivity
Frobenius theorem
Reachability
Singleinput feedback linearization
Kronecker indices
Brunovsky canonical form  EEC 252 – Multivariable Control System Design [Info, Circ]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisite: EEC 250
Catalog Description: Review of singleloop feedback design. Stability, performance and robustness of multivariable control systems. LQG design. Hinfinity design. Frequency response methods. Optimizationbased design.
Expanded Course Description:
To equip students in modern control system design, theory, and techniques for future careers in research and industry.
Review of SingleLoop Feedback Design
Design objectives, stability, performance
Plant uncertainty, robustness, gain and phase margins
Feedback, controller structure
Limitations on performance, right halfplane poles and zeros
Youla parametrization for singleloop systems
Stability, Preformance and Robustness of Multivariable Control Systems
Stability criteria
Singular values, performance criteria
Plant uncertainty
Robust stability
Robust performance
LQG Design
Solution to LQG problem
Performance and robustness of optimal state feedback
Effect of observer; loop transfer recovery
Right halfplane zeros
Design example
Hinfinity Design
Hinfinity formulation of design problem
Youla parametrization
Solution of the Hinfinity problem
The Hankel Approximation problem
Design example
Frequency Response Methods
Diagonal Dominance
Nyquist and inverse Nyquist array
Design procedure
Optimization Based Design
Formulation of design objectives as optimization problem
Convex optimization
Nonconvex optimization
Design procedure  EEC 254 – Optimization [Info]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Math 22A; knowledge of FORTRAN or C
Catalog Description: Modeling optimization problems existing in engineering design and other applications; optimality conditions; unconstrained optimization (gradient, Newton, conjugate gradient and quasiNewton methods); duality and Lagrangian relaxation; constrained optimization (Primal method and an introduction to penalty and augmented Lagrangian methods).
Expanded Course Description:
Modeling Optimization Problems
Evolution of optimizationbased engineering design
Modeling optimization problems existing in a variety of engineering design situations
Unconstrained Optimization
First and secondorder optimality conditions
Convergence and rate of convergence
Univariate Optimization
Various methods (including Fibonacci search, golden section, and curve fitting) for onedimensional minimization
Basic Descent Methods
Steepest descent and Armijo gradient algorithms
Newton’s method and local convergence
Conjugate Gradient Method
Conjugate directions
Conjugate gradient algorithm
Rate of convergence
Partial conjugate gradient method
QuasiNewton Methods
Variable metric concept
Rank one and rank two updates of the approximate Hessian
Constrained Minimization
Optimality conditions
Local duality and Lagrangian relaxation
Primal Methods
Active set method
Gradient projection method
Other Methods
Penalty and barrier methods
Augmented Lagrangian methods  EEC 255 – Robotic Systems [Info, Bio]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: None
Catalog Description: Introduction to robotic systems. Mechanical manipulators, Kinematics, manipulator positioning and path planning. Dynamics of manipulators. Robot motion programming and control algorithm design.
Expanded Course Description:
Introduction to Robotics
Definition of robotics
Role of robotics in automation and manufacturing
Classification of robot manipulators and robotic systems
Robot Arm Kinematics
Rigid motions and homogeneous transformation
Forward kinematics and DenavitHartenberg representation
Inverse kinematics
Algebraic method
Geometric method
Motion Kinematics
Jacobian
Singularities
Inverse velocity and acceleration problems
Numerical method for inverse kinematics solution
Manipulator Dynamics
LagrangeEuler formulation
Kinematic and potential energy
Equations of motion
Moving coordinate system
NewtonEuler formulation
Trajectory Planning
Polynomial paths and cubic segments
Linear segments with parabolic blends
Coordinated Cartesian space motion planning
Robot Manipulator Control
Review of PID control methods and disturbance rejection
Actuator dynamics and independent joint control
Computed torque method for robot manipulator joint space control
Cartesian space control problems  EEC 256 – Reinforcement Learning [Info]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 260 or equivalent
Catalog Description: Reinforcement Learning (RL) is the subset of machine learning, the core of artificial intelligence. Topics include fundamentals of RL, bandit problems, Markov decision processes, and dynamic programming.
Expanded Course Description:
1. Introduction
A. Reinforcement Learning Examples
B. Limitations and Scope
2. Multiarm bandits
A. karmed Bandit Problem
B. Actionvalue Methods
C. Incremental Implementation
D. UpperConfidenceBound Action Selection
3. Finite Markov Decision Processes
A. Goals and Rewards
B. Returns and Episodes
C. Policies and Value Functions
D. Optimal Policies and Optimal Value Functions
E. Optimality and Approximation
4. Dynamic Programming
A. Policy Evaluation (Prediction)
B. Policy Improvement
C. Policy Iteration
D. Value Iteration
E. Generalized Policy Iteration
5. Monte Carlo Methods
A. Monte Carlo Prediction
B. Monte Carlo Estimation of Action Values
C. Monte Carlo Control
D. Offpolicy Prediction via Importance Sampling
E. Offpolicy Monte Carlo Control
6. TemporalDifference Learning
A. TD Prediction
B. Sarsa
C. Qlearning
D. Expected Sarsa
E. Maximization Bias and Double Learning
7. nstep Bootstrapping
A. nstep TD Prediction
B. nstep Sarsa
C. nstep Offpolicy Learning
D. Offpolicy Learning Without Importance Sampling
E. A Unifying Algorithm: nstep Q(σ)
8. Onpolicy Prediction with Approximation
A. Valuefunction Approximation
B. Stochasticgradient and Semigradient Methods
C. Linear Methods
D. Feature Construction for Linear Methods
E. Nonlinear Function Approximation: Artificial Neural Networks
F. Memorybased Function Approximation
9. Onpolicy Control with Approximation
A. Episodic Semigradient Control
B. Semigradient nstep Sarsa
C. Differential Semigradient nstep Sarsa
10. Offpolicy Methods with Approximation
A. Semigradient Methods
B. The Deadly Triad
C. GradientTD Methods
11. Eligibility Traces
A. TD(λ)
B. nstep Truncated λreturn Methods
C. Sarsa(λ)
12. Policy Gradient Methods
A. Policy Approximation and its Advantages
B. The Policy Gradient Theorem
C. REINFORCE: Monte Carlo Policy Gradient
D. Actor–Critic Methods  EEC 260 – Random Signals And Noise [Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: STA 120, EEC 150; EEC 250 recommended
Catalog Description: Random processes as probabilistic models for signals and noise. Review of probability, random variables, and expectation. Study of correlation function and spectral density, ergodicity and duality between time averages and expected values, filters and dynamical systems. Applications.
Expanded Course Description:
Probability Random Variables, and Expectation (3 weeks)
The Notion of Probability
Sets
Sample Space
Probability Space
Conditional Probability
Independent Events
Random Variables
Probability Density
Functions of Random Variables
Expected Value
Moments and Correlation
Conditional Expectation
Introduction To Random Processes (1/2 week)
Introduction
Generalized Harmonic Analysis
SignalProcessing Applications
Types of Random Processes
Mean and Autocorrelation (1 week)
Definitions
Examples of Random Processes and Autocorrelations
Classes of Random Processes (1/2 week)
Specification of Random Processes
Gaussian Processes
Markov Processes
Stationary Processes
The Wiener and Poisson Processes (1 week)
Derivation of the Wiener Process
The Derivative of the Wiener Process
Derivation of the Poisson Process
The Derivative of the Poisson Counting Process
Ergodicity and Duality (1/2 week)
The Notion of Ergodicity
MeanSquare Ergodicity
Duality and the Role of Ergodicity
Linear Transformations, Filters, and Dynamical Systems (1 1/2 weeks)
Linear Transformation of an Ntuple of Random Variables
Linear DiscreteTime Filtering
Linear ContinuousTime Filtering
Dynamical Systems
Spectral Density (1 1/2 weeks)
InputOutput Relations
Expected Spectral Density
Coherence and Wiener Filtering
TimeAverage Power Spectral Density and Duality
White Noise
Bandwidths
Spectral Lines
Autoregressive Models and Linear Prediction (1/2 week)  EEC 261 – Signal Processing For Communications [Info]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture First Week)
Prerequisites: EEC 165, 260 or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Signal processing in wireless and wireline communication systems. Characterization and distortion of wireless and wireline channels. Channel equalization and maximum likelihood sequence estimation. Channel precoding and preequalization. OFDM and transmit diversity. Array processing.
Expanded Course Description:
Basic Digital Communication Systems
Baseband signal model
Orthogonal expansions for fininte energy signals
Digital modulation and demodulation
Channel distortion and intersymbol interference
Examples of wireless communication systems
Characterization of Channel Distortions
Baseband channel modeling
Practical mobile wireless channels
Multipath, shadowing, and fading effects
Doppler effect and channel fading
Wireless and wireline timevarying channel examples
Channel Equalization and Sequence Estimation
Discrete channel models
Equalization design based on channel response
Decision feedback equalizers
Viterbi algorithm
Training based channel identification and equalization
LMS and RLS algorithms
Performance measure
Channel Equalization without Training using Higher Order Statistics
Motivation of blind equalization
Basic principles
Single input, single output channel identification
Adaptive blind equalizers based on higher order statistics
Equalization example of QAM signals in cable modems
Channel Identification based on Second Order Statistics
Bandwidth diversity and antenna diversity
Single input, multiple output (SIMO) equalization algorithms
Statistical SIMO identification algorithms
Deterministic SIMO equalization algorithms
Equalization and cochannel interference in multiuser CDMA systems
CDMA and TDMA
Array Processing for Communications
Beamforming of antenna arrays
Adaptive beamforming and interference suppression
Training based adaptive beamforming
Blind adaptive beamforming
Blind signal separation
TomlinsonHirashima precoding
Prefiltering and equalization for known channels
Prefiltering and equalization for unknown channels
Diversity in Orthogonal Frequency Division Modulation(OFDM)Precoding and Prefiltering against Distortive Channels  EEC 262 – MultiAccess Communications Theory [Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: STA 120 or equivalent, EEC 173A or ECS 152A
Catalog Description: Maximum stable throughput of Poisson collision channels. Classic collision resolution algorithms. Carrier sensing multiple access and its performance analysis. System stability analysis. Joint design of the physical/medium access control layers. Capacity region of multiaccess channels. Multiaccess with correlated sources.
Expanded Course Description:
Students work individually or in pairs (no more than 2 students) on a comprehensive course project. The project will focus on the application of theories and techniques learned in class to emerging multiaccess communication systems such as wireless sensor networks. The project may include: 1) application and performance analysis of existing multiaccess protocols to wireless sensor networks; 2) design and analysis of new multiaccess protocols for wireless sensor networks. The project is designed to bring awareness of the stateoftheart and potential research problems in the area of multiaccess communications.
This course meets for 10 weeks with 3 hours of lecture each week. Students also work independently on a significant course project.
Introduction
Overview of multiaccess communications
Channel, traffic, and protocol models for multiaccess communications
Performance measures
Classic Network Theoretic Analysis under Infinite Population
Review of discretetime random process. Markov chain.
Poisson collision multiaccess channel model
Maximum stable throughput of multiaccess channel
Upper bounds on maximum stable throughput
Lower bounds on maximum stable throughput: classic collision resolution algorithms
Carrier sensing multiple access and its performance analysis
Classic Network Theoretic Analysis under Finite Population
Worst case performance: random access protocols under single buffer assumption
System stability analysis under infinite buffer assumption
Advanced topic: group testing and multiaccess communications
CrossLayer Design in Multiaccess Communications
Achieving multipacket reception at the physical layer
Impact of multipacket reception on the performance of the MAC layer
Joint design of the physical and MAC layers
Information Theoretic Analysis of MultiAccess Communications
Review of information theory
Capacity region of multiaccess communication channel
Encoding/decoding schemes
Advanced topic: multiaccess with correlated sources  EEC 263 – Optimal And Adaptive Filtering [Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture/1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 260
Catalog Description: Geometric formulation of leastsquares estimation problems. Theory and applications of optimum Weiner and Kalman filtering. MAP and maximum likelihood estimation of hidden Markov models, Viterbi algorithm. Adaptive filtering algorithms, properties, and applications.
Expanded Course Description:
Geometric Formulation of Linear LeastSquares Estimation
Euclidean space
Leastsquares estimation
Hilbert space of random variables
Orthogonality principle of linear leastsquares estimates
Wiener Filtering
FIR Wiener filters
Levinson recursions, lattice filters
Noncausal Wiener filters
Causal Wiener filters: WienerHopf equation, spectral factorization, innovations process
Kalman Filtering
GaussMarkov statevariable models
Innovations process, Kalman Recursions
Steadystate behavior of Kalman filters
Squareroot algorithms
Smoothing formulas
Estimation of hidden Markov models
Markov chains observed in noise
MAP estimation and maximum likelihood sequence estimation, Viterbi algorithm
Applications
Adaptive filtering
Gradient method for FIR filtering
LMS algorithm, convergence and steadystate performance
Method of leastsquares and RLS algorithm
Fast and squareroot RLS algorithms
Applications: equalization, notch filtering, echo cancellation, antenna beamforming  EEC 264 – Estimation And Detection Of Signals In Noise [Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 260
Catalog Description: Introduction to parameter estimation and detection of signals in noise. Bayes and NeymanPearson likelihoodratio tests for signal detection. Maximumlikelihood parameter estimation. Detection of known and Gaussian signals in white or colored noise. Applications to communications, radar, signal processing.
Expanded Course Description:
Hypothesis Testing (2 weeks)
Bayesian likelihood ratio tests for binary decisions
Receiver operating characteristic
NonBayesian minimax and NeymanPearson tests
Mary hypothesis testing
Parameter Estimation (2 weeks)
Bayesian, maximum a posteriori, and maximumlikelihood estimation of parameter vectors
CramerRao lower bound, bias, efficient estimates
Linear leastsquares estimation and its geometric interpretation
Orthogonal Expansion of Gaussian Processes (1 week)
Orthogonal expansion of deterministic signals
KarhunenLoeve expansion of discrete and continuoustime Gaussian processes
Detection of Known Signals (21/2 weeks)
Detection of known signals in white Gaussian noise (WGN)
Sufficient statistics
Correlator and matched filter receiver implementations
Performance evaluation
Mary detection in WGN
Detection of known signals in colored noise: resolvent and whitening filter approaches.
Detection of Signals with Unknown/Random Parameters (2 weeks)
Detection of signals with unwanted parameters. Composite hypothesis testing
Estimation of waveform parameters in noise
Application to the estimation of pulse amplitude and delay and sinewave amplitude, phase and frequency.
Joint estimation and detection, generalized likelihood ratio test (GLRT)
Detection of signals with random parameters. Detection of signals with incoherent phases and/or random amplitudes. Envelope detectors
Detection of Gaussian Signals in WGN (1/2 week)
Generalized correlator receiver structure for detecting Gaussian signals in WGN  EEC 265 – Principles Of Digital Communications [Info]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 165, EEC 260, or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Introduction to digital communications. Coding for analog sources. Characterization of signals and systems. Modulation and demodulation for the additive Gaussian channel. Digital signaling over bandwidth constrained linear filter channels and over fading multipath channels. Spread spectrum signals.
Expanded Course Description:
Coding for Analog Sources
Pulse amplitude modulation
Differential pulse amplitude modulation
Delta modulation
Linear predictive coding
Vector quantization
Characterization of Signals and Systems
Bandpass signals and systems
Orthogonal expansions for finite energy signals
Linear, memoryless modulation methods (PAM, PSK, QAM)
Nonlinear modulation methods with memory (CPM, CPFSK, MSK, GMSK)
Baseband signals
Spectral characteristics
Modulation and Demodulation for the Additive Gaussian Channel
Characterization of signal waveforms
Optimum demodulation for completely known signals and probabilities of error
Optimum demodulation for signals with random phase and probabilities of error
Carrier and symbol synchronization
Digital Signaling over Bandwidth Constrained Linear Filter Channels
Characterization of bandlimited channels
Signal design for bandlimited channels and partial response signals
Optimum demodulation for intersymbol interference and additive Gaussian noise
Linear equalization
Decisionfeedback equalization
Maximumlikelihood sequence estimation and the Viterbi algorithm
Recursive leastsquares algorithms for adaptive equalization and the Kalman algorithm
Echo cancellation
Digital Signaling over Fading Multipath Channels (optional)
Characterization of fading multipath channels
Diversity techniques
Spread Spectrum Signals for Digital Communications (optional)
Direct sequence spread spectrum signals
Frequencyhopped spread spectrum signals  EEC 266 – Information Theory And Coding [Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisites: STA 120
Catalog Description: Information theory and coding. Measure of information. Redundancy reduction encoding of an information source. Capacity of a communication channel, errorfree communications.
Expanded Course Description:
Topics are from an introduction to errorcorrection codes, channel capacity for continuous channels and source coding with a fidelity criterion.
Information and Sources – The definition of information, the zero memory information source, the Markov information source.
Properties of Codes – Uniquely decodable codes, prefix codes, conditions for existence, Huffman codes.
The Coding of Information Sources – The average length of a code, the information rate of a source, compact codes, the redundancy of a code.
Noisy Channels and Mutual Information – Probability relations in a channel, channel capacity for discrete channels, Channel Coding Theorem.  EEC 269A – Error Correcting Codes I [Info]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: MAT 22A (linear algebra) and EEC 160
Catalog Description: Introduction to the theory and practice of block codes, linear block codes, cyclic codes, decoding algorithms, coding techniques.
Expanded Course Description:
Error Control Coding
Introduction
Types of Coding
Types of Errors
Decoding
Introduction to Algebra
Groups
Fields, Finite Fields
Vector Spaces
Matrices
Linear Block Codes
Introduction
Syndrome and Error Detection
Hamming Distance
Standard Array and Syndrome Decoding
Important Linear Block Codes
Hamming Codes
ReedMuller Codes
MajorityLogic Decoding
LowDensity Parity Check Codes
The Bianry Golay Code
Cyclic Codes
Description
Generator and Parity Check Matrices
Encoding
Syndrome Computation and Error Detection
Decoding of Cyclic Codes
Binary BCH Codes
Binary Primitive BCH Codes
Decoding
Correction of Errors and Erasures
Implementation
Nonbinary BCH Codes
ReedSolomon Codes and their Decoding Algorithms
Nonbinary Linear Block Codes and BCH Codes
The Berlekamp Decoding Algorithm
The Euclidean Decoding Algorithm
FrequencyDomain Decoding
Corection of Errors and Erasures
Interleaving, Product, Concatenation and Code Decomposition
BurstErrorCorrecting Codes
AutomaticRepeatRequest Strategies  EEC 269B – Error Correcting Codes II [Info]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 165 and EEC 269A
Catalog Description: Introduction to convolutional codes, turbo codes, trellis and block coded modulation codes, softdecision decoding algorithms, the Viterbi algorithm, reliabilitybased decoding, trellisbased decoding, multistage decoding.
Expanded Course Description:
Trellises for Linear Block Codes
Finitestate Machine Models and Trellis Representation
Bitlevel trellises
Complexity
ReliabilityBased SoftDecision Decoding Algorithms for Linear Block Codes
SoftDecision Decoding
Reliability Measures
Generalized MinimumDistance and Chase Decoding Algorithms
Iterative reliabilitybased decoding
Convolutional Codes
Introduction
Encoding
Structural Properties, Distance Properties
Punctured Convolutional Codes
Tail Biting Convolutional Codes
TrellisBased Decoding Algorithms for Convolutional Codes
The Viterbi Algorithm
Performance Bounds
Construciton of Good Codes
Implementation of the Viterbi Algorithm
Differential Viterbi Decoding Algorithm
Decoding of Tail Biting Convolutional Codes
The MAP Decoding Algorithm
Concatenated Codes with Inner Convolutional Codes
TrellisBased SoftDecision Decoding Algorithms for Linear Block Codes
The Viterbi Decoding Algorithm
Recursive Maximum Likelihood Decoding Algorithm
Multistage Decoding
The MAP Decoding Algorithm
Turbo Coding
Introduction
Distance Properties
Performance Analysis
Parallel and Serial Concatenated Turbo Codes
Iterative Decoding
Trellis Coded Modulation
Introduction
Construction
Performance Analysis
Rotationally Invariant TCM
Multidimensional TCM
Block Coded Modulation
Distance
Multilevel Block Coded Modulation
Multistage Decoding  EEC 270 – Computer Architecture [CE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 170 or ECS 154; undergraduate students who received an A or A in EEC 170 or ECS 154B are encouraged to take this course.
Catalog Description: Introduction to modern techniques for highperformance single and multiple processor systems. Topics include advanced pipeline design, advanced memory hierarchy design, optimizing pipeline and memory use, and memory sharing among multiprocessors. Case studies of recent single and multiple processor systems.
Expanded Course Description:
The goals of this course are to introduce students to the architecture and software techniques that are used for stateoftheart processors to achieve high performance.
Instruction Sets and Addressing Modes
Architecture Types
Addressing Modes
Operation Types
Instruction Encoding
Pipelining
Data Hazards
Structural Hazards
Control Hazards
Advanced Pipelining
Static instruction scheduling
Dynamic instruction scheduling
Branch Prediction
Issuing Multiple instructions
Loop unrolling and software pipelining
Predicated execution
MemoryHierarchy Design
Reducing cache misses
Reducing cachemiss penalty
Multiprocessors
Centralized shared memory
Distributed shared memory
Synchronization and memory consistency  EEC 272 – HighPerformance Computer Architecture and Implementation [CE]

Units: 4 (4 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: EEC 270 or ECS 201A
Grading: Letter; based on exam (30%), homework (40%) term paper (20%) and presentation (10%)
Catalog Description: Designing and analysis of high performance computer architecture with emphasis on vector processing, onchip interconnect networks, chiplevel multiprocessors, memory and storage subsystem design and impact of technological advances on computer architecture.
Expanded Course Description:
CMOS Scaling and the Power Wall
Vector Processing
On Chip Interconnection Networks
Memory Subsystem
Storage Subsystem
Transactional Memory
Computer Architecture for Datacenter Applications
Emerging Technologies such as Flash, PRAM, MRAM, optics and their impact on computer architecture  EEC 273 – Networking Architecture and Resource Management (Crosslisted with ECS 258) [Info, CE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisites: ECS 152A or EEC 173A; ECS 252 recommended.
Catalog Description: Design and implementation principles of networking architecture and protocols. Internet, ATM, and telephony case studies. Topics: Internet technology; application and services; resource management; Quality of Service (QoS) provisioning; traffic engineering; performance evaluation and future research issues.
Expanded Course Description:
Students work individually or in small groups on course projects that contribute to 40% of the course. The project should demonstrate quality, significance, and indepth knowledge of the scope of the topics covered in the course. One unit of the independent study should be used for advanced reading that will be assigned in class. The project may involve: (1) conducting thorough survey of an advanced topic, or (2) proposing/designing of a new protocol or extension of an existing one followed by its evaluation (via analysis, simulation or experiment). Students therefore gain handson experience in network protocol design, development and analysis.
Network architecture: the big picture
Circuit switching vs. packet switching
Endtoend arguments
Separation of control & data planes; signaling (hard state vs. soft state)
Telephony – Circuitswitched architecture
Space and timedivision circuit switches
Strictsense vs. rearrangably nonblocking
Internet: Packetswitched architecture
IP and routing hierarchy (intradomain vs. interdomain routing)
Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) and policybased routing
Multicast routing
Evolving Internet Architecture and Quality of Service (QoS)
Application vs. Network based solutions
Differentiated Service and Integrated Service QoS architecture
Controlplane mechanisms, e.g., admission control, QoS routing
Dataplane mechanisms
Packet schedulers, e.g., weighted fair queuing (WFQ)
Active queue management, e.g., random early detection (RED)
Protocol mechanisms (commonly found techniques in networking protocols
Signaling
Randomization
Indirection
Multiplexing
Virtualization
Scalability
Network Resource Management
Capacity planning
Traffic engineering
Network flows, optimal linkweight assignment problem
Advanced Topics
Internate measurements, modeling, and inferences
Application and services (peertopeer, overlay)
Network security
Multimedia networking  EEC 274 – Internet Measurements, Modeling and Analysis [Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisites: ECS 273 or ECS 252
Catalog Description: Advanced topics in the theoretical foundations of network measurements, modeling, and statistical inferencing. Applications to Internet engineering, routing optimization, load balancing, traffic engineering, fault tolerance, anomaly detection, and network security. Individual project requirement.
Expanded Course Description:
The course introduces the key methodologies and techniques to (a) collect, visualize, analyze, and model empirical measurements, (b) test a hypothesis, (c) formulate and optimize Internet engineering solutions (e.g., applied to routing, load balancing, etc.), and (d) characterize the performance and design tradeoffs of network protocols and architectures. An individual project will contribute up to 40% of the course grade. The project will demonstrate quality, significance, and indepth knowledge of the scope of the topics covered in the course. Through reading and critique of assigned published papers in this area, the students will learn how to formulate a research problem, choose a specific approach, and design experiments for performance evaluation. The students will be exposed to both analytical (e.g. multiple timescale analysis, linear algebra, stochastic processes) and software tools (e.g. OPNET, ns2, VxWorks) that are used in networking research.
Network measurements
Active vs. passive measurements
Characterization of Internet traffic and network performance
Statistical sampling and inference techniques
Routing
Characterization of routing instability and impact on traffic
Protocol enhancements (deflection routing, etc.)
Policy/constraintbased routing
Traffic Engineering
Intradomain (Intermediate SystemIntermediate System/Open Shortest Path First (ISIS/OSPF) weight assignment, etc.)
Interdomain (Overlay architecture, Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) enhancements, etc.)
Network Tomography
Traffic matrix estimation
Network Security
Anomaly detection
Modeling Internet worm propagation
Other Topics
Data anonymization
Geographic mappin  EEC 276 – FaultTolerant Computer Systems: Design and Analysis [CE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; 1 Discussion)
Prerequisite: EEC 170, EEC 18
Catalog Description: Introduces faulttolerant digital system theory and practice. Covers recent and classic faulttolerant techniques based on hardware redundancy, time redundancy, information redundancy, and software redundancy. Examines hardware and software reliability analysis, and example faulttolerant designs. Offered in alternate years.
Expanded Course Description:
FaultTolerant Computing Overview
Fundamental concepts
Nomenclature
Fault taxonomy, fault manifestation
Fault Tolerance Techniques
Hardware Redundancy
Duplication, selfchecking
NMR
Hybrid
Information Redundancy
Single correcting, double detecting codes
Cyclic block codes
Residue arithmetic
Selfchecking checkers
Time Redundancy
Duplication
Recomputation methods
Software Redundancy
Design diversity/Nversion programming
Recovery blocks
Hybrid Redundancy
Algorithmbased fault tolerance
Watchdog monitoring/signature monitoring
Reliability Analysis
Failure probability distributions
System modeling
Stochastic analysis, Markov chains
Availability (meantimetofailure, meantimetorepair)
FaultTolerance in Commercial Systems
Hardened Processors (RH32, RH6000, RH3000)
HAL SPARC64
Tandem
Air Bus  EEC 277 – Graphics Architecture [CE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 170 or ECS 154B; ECS 175
Catalog Description: Design and analysis of the architecture of computer graphics systems. Topics include the graphics pipeline with a concentration on hardware techniques and algorithms, exploiting parallelism in graphics and case studies of noteworthy and modern graphs architectures.
Expanded Course Description:
The goal of this course is to introduce students to the fundamentals and issues in the design and analysis of highperformance computer graphics systems.
The assigned homework and projects in this class will contain significant design elements (development of architectural changes and additions to the software and hardware components of a graphics system) together with the evaluation and analysis of these changes and additions in student projects and in studies of existing modern graphics systems. The course includes a large openended design project.
Graphics Fundamentals
Graphics workloads
Performance analysis and characterization
The Graphics Pipeline
Geometry
Rasterization
Texturing
Framebuffers and displays
Parallelism and Communication
Classification of parallel rendering
Programmability in Graphics
Case Studies
Open Graphics Language
RenderMan
PixelFlow and PixelPlanes
Silicon Graphics Inc. RealityEngine
Pomegranate
Chromium
Project Presentations  EEC 279 – Modern Parallel Computing [CE]

Units: 3 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Required: ECS 34 or 36B; optional but desirable: EEC 170 or ECS 154a
Catalog Description: Exploration of the architecture of modern parallel computers, their programming models, and their programming systems.
Expanded Course Description:
This course focuses on modern parallel computing and for this particular offering of the course, GPU computing. We will explore using the programmable GPU as a parallel computer, primarily using the CUDA programming language (an extension to C/C++). We will cover the architecture of the GPU and its programming model; the CUDA programming language; fundamental data structures and algorithms on the GPU; numerous application domains and how they can be expressed on the GPU; programming models and highlevel languages for GPU computing; and current research challenges in GPU computing. We expect that students who successfully complete this course will be ready to use GPU computing in their own projects and research, and/or be ready to conduct GPUcomputing research on their own. We assume that students who take the course will have experience using the C/C++ programming language; prior experience in any of computer architecture, computer graphics, algorithms, and data structures will also be useful. All assignments will use C/C++. The assigned projects in this class will contain significant design elements that allow students to design and implement parallel solutions to computationally challenging problems, to analyze and improve their performance, and to use these solutions to understand the architectures, programming models, and programming systems of these modern parallel computers.
History of modern parallel computing
Hardware predecessors (vector machines, massively parallel machines, graphics processors)
Software predecessors
Architecture of modern parallel processors
Programming model of modern parallel processors
Programming systems for modern parallel processors
Fundamental parallel primitives
Survey of computational motifs (“dwarfs”) and parallel implementation strategies
Optimization techniques
Heterogeneity and multinode issues
Application case studies
Future directions  EEC 281 – VLSI Digital Signal Processing [CE, Info]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 151, EEC 170, EEC 180, or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Digital signal processors, building blocks, and algorithms. Design and implementation of processor algorithms, architectures, control, functional units, and circuit topologies for increased performance and reduced circuit size and power dissipation.
Expanded Course Description:
The primary goal of this course is to develop the necessary skills for students to design simple digital signal processors with an emphasis on the efficient simultaneous design of algorithms, processor architectures, and hardware design.
Digital signal processing overview
DSP workloads
Example applications
Programmable processors
Processor building blocks
Verilog hardware description language
Binary number representations
Carrypropagate adders
Carrysave adders
Multipliers
Fixedinput multipliers
Complex arithmetic hardware
Memories
DSP algorithms and systems
FIR filtering
Processor control and datapath integration
Multirate signal processing
Example systems: FFT, Viterbi, DSSS, CDMA, etc.
Design optimization
Verilog synthesis to a gate netlist
Delay estimation and reduction
Area estimation and reduction
Power estimation and reduction  EEC 283 – Advanced Design Verification Of Digital Systems [CE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 170; EEC 018
Catalog Description: Design verification techniques for digital systems; simulationbased design verification techniques; formal verification techniques, including equivalence checking, model checking, and theorem proving; timing analysis and verification; application of design verification techniques to microprocessors.
Expanded Course Description:
Introduction
System Development
Faults and Errors
Lifetime Verification
Design Verification Methodology
SimulationBased Design Verification
Logic, Fault, and Error Simulation
Hardware Emulation
Design Error Modeling
Automatic Test Generation
Formal Verification
Theorem Proving
Equivalence Checking
Model Checking
Timing Analysis and Verification
Case Studies of Microprocessor Verification
The project in EEC 283 is a significant part of the course that is conducted outside the classroom. Possible projects include the following:Writing a survey of research work on a topic related to the course. This involves a library search to collect recent publications, reading and criticizing them, and finally writing a summary about them. Evaluating a design verification tool by first studying it and then developing test cases that show the strengths and weaknesses of the tool. Writing a report documenting the tool evaluation is the final outcome of this project. Developing a CAD tool that implements a known verification algorithm. This involves a study of the verification algorithm first and then implementing it using a programming language. This is followed by testing the code and then writing a report about the tool and a usermanual.  EEC 284 – Design and Optimization of Embedded Computing Systems [CE]

Units: (4 Lecture)
Prerequisites: EEC 170; EEC 180; or consent of instructor; ECS 122A recommended
Catalog Description: Introduction to design and optimization of digital computing systems for embedded applications. Topics include combinatorial optimization techniques, performance and energy optimization in embedded systems, compilation and architecturespecific mapping, programmable and reconfigurable platforms; design automation and algorithmic improvements to design process.
Expanded Course Description:
Introduction
Embedded computing systems
Optimization techniques
Target models of computations
Combinatorial Optimizations
Complexity and NPcompleteness
Approximation algorithms
Graph algorithms overview
Shortest path
Network flow
Graph coloring, cliques, independent sets
Randomized and online algorithms
Continuous vs. discrete optimization
Linear and Integer Programming
Convex optimization
Design and Optimization of Embedded Systems
Architectures and platforms
Operating systems, compilers and virtual machines
Realtime systems
Worstcase execution time estimation
Soft vs. hard realtime systems
Scheduling
Task scheduling
Communication scheduling
Voltage scheduling
Partioning
Mincut partitioning
Minquotient partitioning
Temporal partioning
Hardware synthesis
Highlevel synthesis
Implementation selection
Programmable and reconfigurable platforms
Compilation and code generation
Overview of classic transformations
Memory access optimizations
Template generation and matching
Compilation for reconfigurable computers
Networked Embedded Systems
Collaborative applications
Code migration
Incremental analysis  EEC 286 – Introduction To Digital System Testing [CE]

Units: 4 (3 Lecture; Project)
Prerequisites: EEC 180, STA 120 or STA 131A
Catalog Description: A review of several current techniques used to diagnose faults in both combinational and sequential circuits. Topics include path sensitization procedures, Boolean difference, Dalgorithm random test generation, TC testing and an analysis of the effects of intermittent faults. (Offered in even years.)
Expanded Course Description:
Fault Models
Fault Detection in Combinational Circuits
Boolean Difference
Path Sensitization
DAlgorithm
Boolean Real Transform
Fault Location Algorithms
Special Fault Conditions
Multiple Faults
Redundant Circuits
Bridging Faults
Intermittent Faults
Fault Detection in Sequential Circuits
Extended DAlgorithm
Critical Path Analysis
Asynchronous Circuits
Other Approaches to Testing
Memory Testing
Random Test Generation
TC Testing  EEC 289AW – Special Topics In Electrical Engineering And Computer Science

Units: Variable
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor
Catalog Description: N/A
Expanded Course Description:
Special topics in:
A. Computer Science
B. Programming Systems
C. Digital Systems
D. Communications
E. Signal Transmission
F. Digital Communication
G. Control Systems
H. Robotics
I. Signal Processing
J. Image Processing
K. HighFrequency Phenomena and Devices
L. SolidState Devices and Physical Electronics
M. Systems Theory
N. Active and Passive Circuits
O. Integrated Circuits
P. Computer Software
Q. Computer Engineering
R. Microprocessing
S. Electronics
T. Electromagnetics
U. Optoelectronics
W. Computer Networks
May be repeated for credit when topic is different  EEC 290 – Seminar In Electrical And Computer Engineering

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisites: N/A
Catalog Description: Discussion and presentation of current research and development in Electrical and Computer Engineering. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 290C – Graduate Research Group Conference In Electrical And Computer Engineering

Units: 1 (1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Research problems, progress and techniques in Electrical and Computer Engineering. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 290P – Capstone Project For MS Plan II

Units: 4 (1 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Conducting research projects in electrical and computer engineering. Communicating research results in written reports and oral presentations. Systemic project implementation to answer a comprehensive scientific or technical question in the area of electrical and computer engineering.
Expanded Course Description:
In this course, students will complete a project or an exercise to fulfill the capstone requirements for MS Plan II in the ECE Graduate Program.
The requirements for the project will follow the guidelines in CCGA Handbook Appendix I (August 2016 Edition) which are summarized below.
(1) Capstone projects will be synthetic, tying together two or more areas of specific content that would typically be the subject of a class or a sequence of classes
(2) Capstone projects will be individual or groupbased exercises. If a project is groupbased, the individual student’s achievements and contributions will be assessed through robust means. This could be detailed, for example, through the generation of an individual report by the student, periodic performance evaluations at various points in the project, individual assignments, and/or comprehensive specification of the individual team member’s role that can be tied to specific outcomes in a group report.
(3) The report will be evaluated by at least two reviewers; and at least one of them should have no direct vested interest in the success of the student (e.g., the student is not the reviewer’s GSR or collaborator).
Students will learn how to implement a project systematically, to answer a comprehensive scientific/technical question in the area of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
The project could be
Hardware or software implementation of an algorithm or application to solve a particular problem including reproducing the results of a published research paper OR
Critical analysis of proposed solutions to particular problem from research literature.
In addition, students will learn how to communicate the details of the project and their key findings in the form of
an oral presentation AND
a technical paper that meets the requirements and guidelines of ACM or IEEE conference submissions for peer review.  EEC 291 – SolidState Circuit Research Laboratory Seminar [PE]

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisite: Graduate standing
Catalog Description: Lectures on solidstate circuit and system design by various visiting experts in the field. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 292 – Seminar in SolidState Technology [PE]

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing
Catalog Description: Lectures on solidstate circuit and system design by various visiting experts in the field. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 293 – Computer Engineering Research Seminar [CE]

Units: 1 (1 Lecture)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing or consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Lectures, tutorials, and seminars on topics in computer engineering.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 294 – Image, Video And Computer Vision [CE, Info]

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing
Catalog Description: Course is a research seminar. There will be lectures, tutorials, and seminars on image processing, video engineering, and computer vision. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 295 – Systems, Control And Robotics Seminar [Info, Bio]

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing
Catalog Description: Seminars on current research in systems and control by faculty and visiting experts. Technical presentations and lectures on current topics in robotics research and robotics technology. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 296 – Photonics Research Seminar [Pho]

Units: 1 (1 Seminar)
Prerequisites: Graduate standing
Catalog Description: Lectures on photonics and related areas by faculty and visiting experts. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description:
This course is intended to provide a forum for students to learn about and discuss the latest advances in the areas of photonics, lasers, electroopitcs, electrooptical materials, fiberoptics, and optical engineering by inviting leading researchers in these fields to give seminars.  EEC 298  Group Study

Units: Variable
Prerequisites: Consent of instructor
Catalog Description: Group study.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 299  Research
 Units: Variable
Prerequisites: N/A
Catalog Description: Research.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 390 – The Teaching Of Electrical And Computer Engineering
 Units: 1 (1 Discussion)
Prerequisites: Meet qualifications for Teaching Assistant and/or AssociateIn in Electrical and Computer Engineering
Catalog Description: Participation as a Teaching Assistant or AssociateIn in a designated engineering course. Methods of leading discussion groups or lab sections, writing and grading quizzes, use of lab equipment, and grading lab reports. May be repeated for credit.
Expanded Course Description: N/A  EEC 396 – Teaching Assistant Training Practicum

Units: 1  4
Prerequisites: Graduate standing
Catalog Description: Teaching Assistant Training Practicum
Expanded Course Description:
Active Teaching Assistants will be allowed to enroll in the variableunit course, allowing registration from one to four units of credit to fill out their unit requirements. May be repeated for credit.